Research Article

A simple boiling-based DNA extraction for RAPD profiling of landfarm soil to provide representative metagenomic content

Published: January 27, 2012
Genet. Mol. Res. 11 (1) : 182-189 DOI: 10.4238/2012.January.27.5

Abstract

Landfarm soils are employed in industrial and petrochemical residue bioremediation. This process induces selective pressure directed towards microorganisms capable of degrading toxic compounds. Detailed description of taxa in these environments is difficult due to a lack of knowledge of culture conditions required for unknown microorganisms. A metagenomic approach permits identification of organisms without the need for culture. However, a DNA extraction step is first required, which can bias taxonomic representativeness and interfere with cloning steps by extracting interference substances. We developed a simplified DNA extraction procedure coupled with metagenomic DNA amplification in an effort to overcome these limitations. The amplified sequences were used to generate a metagenomic data set and the taxonomic and functional representativeness were evaluated in comparison with a data set built with DNA extracted by conventional methods. The simplified and optimized method of RAPD to access metagenomic information provides better representativeness of the taxonomical and metabolic aspects of the environmental samples.

Landfarm soils are employed in industrial and petrochemical residue bioremediation. This process induces selective pressure directed towards microorganisms capable of degrading toxic compounds. Detailed description of taxa in these environments is difficult due to a lack of knowledge of culture conditions required for unknown microorganisms. A metagenomic approach permits identification of organisms without the need for culture. However, a DNA extraction step is first required, which can bias taxonomic representativeness and interfere with cloning steps by extracting interference substances. We developed a simplified DNA extraction procedure coupled with metagenomic DNA amplification in an effort to overcome these limitations. The amplified sequences were used to generate a metagenomic data set and the taxonomic and functional representativeness were evaluated in comparison with a data set built with DNA extracted by conventional methods. The simplified and optimized method of RAPD to access metagenomic information provides better representativeness of the taxonomical and metabolic aspects of the environmental samples.