Research Article

Downregulation of hsp22 gene expression in Drosophila melanogaster from sites located near chemical plants

Published: March 22, 2012
Genet. Mol. Res. 11 (1) : 739-745 DOI: 10.4238/2012.March.22.4

Abstract

A common physiological response of organisms to environmental conditions is variation in gene expression, especially true for genes encoding for heat shock proteins. In insects, this process has been examined for induced heat or cold stress. The putative long-term imprinted/acquired heat shock protein response due to unfriendly environmental conditions has been far less studied. The Drosophila melanogaster hsp22 gene, which has been extensively reviewed as being sensitive to different changing life conditions, was examined by qRT-PCR, using carboxy-X-rhodamine. In the present study, we focused on the detection of hsp22 level of transcription in three D. melanogaster isolates, collected from sites located near different chemical plants in Romania and subjected to one-year adaptation to laboratory conditions. In all isolates, the hsp22 gene expression was determined using the housekeeping genes Gapdh1 and UbcD10 as internal controls. According to our experimental results, the D. melanogaster hsp22 gene was significantly downregulated compared to the same gene in w1118iso, used as a calibrator. We showed that hsp22 could play an important role in relation to stress resistance and adaptation. This study highlights the importance of in vivo studies to demonstrate genome plasticity to overcome different damages induced by any presumed source of stress.

A common physiological response of organisms to environmental conditions is variation in gene expression, especially true for genes encoding for heat shock proteins. In insects, this process has been examined for induced heat or cold stress. The putative long-term imprinted/acquired heat shock protein response due to unfriendly environmental conditions has been far less studied. The Drosophila melanogaster hsp22 gene, which has been extensively reviewed as being sensitive to different changing life conditions, was examined by qRT-PCR, using carboxy-X-rhodamine. In the present study, we focused on the detection of hsp22 level of transcription in three D. melanogaster isolates, collected from sites located near different chemical plants in Romania and subjected to one-year adaptation to laboratory conditions. In all isolates, the hsp22 gene expression was determined using the housekeeping genes Gapdh1 and UbcD10 as internal controls. According to our experimental results, the D. melanogaster hsp22 gene was significantly downregulated compared to the same gene in w1118iso, used as a calibrator. We showed that hsp22 could play an important role in relation to stress resistance and adaptation. This study highlights the importance of in vivo studies to demonstrate genome plasticity to overcome different damages induced by any presumed source of stress.