Review

Molecular chaperones in the Paracoccidioides brasiliensis transcriptome

Published: June 30, 2005
Genet. Mol. Res. 4 (2) : 346-357

Abstract

Paracoccidioides brasiliensis is a thermally dimorphic and a human pathogenic fungus. Our group has partially sequenced its transcriptome and generated a database of mycelial and yeast PbAESTs (P. brasiliensis assembled expressed sequence tags). In the present review we describe the identification of PbAESTs encoding molecular chaperones. These proteins, involved in protein folding and renaturation, are also implicated in several other biological processes, where the dimorphic transition is of particular interest. Another important issue concerning these proteins refers to their participation in the immunopathogenicity of infectious diseases. We have found 438 ESTs (184 in mycelium and 253 in yeast) encoding P. brasiliensis molecular chaperones and their co-chaperones, which were clustered in 48 genes. These genes were classified in families, corresponding to three small chaperones, nine HSP40s, 10 HSP60s, seven HSP70s, five HSP90s, four HSP100s, and 10 other chaperones. These results greatly increase the knowledge on P. brasiliensis molecular chaperones, since only eight of such proteins had been previously characterized.

Paracoccidioides brasiliensis is a thermally dimorphic and a human pathogenic fungus. Our group has partially sequenced its transcriptome and generated a database of mycelial and yeast PbAESTs (P. brasiliensis assembled expressed sequence tags). In the present review we describe the identification of PbAESTs encoding molecular chaperones. These proteins, involved in protein folding and renaturation, are also implicated in several other biological processes, where the dimorphic transition is of particular interest. Another important issue concerning these proteins refers to their participation in the immunopathogenicity of infectious diseases. We have found 438 ESTs (184 in mycelium and 253 in yeast) encoding P. brasiliensis molecular chaperones and their co-chaperones, which were clustered in 48 genes. These genes were classified in families, corresponding to three small chaperones, nine HSP40s, 10 HSP60s, seven HSP70s, five HSP90s, four HSP100s, and 10 other chaperones. These results greatly increase the knowledge on P. brasiliensis molecular chaperones, since only eight of such proteins had been previously characterized.

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