Research Article

Conjugated linoleic acid-induced milk fat reduction associated with depressed expression of lipogenic genes in lactating Holstein mammary glands

Published: September 17, 2012
Genet. Mol. Res. 11 (4) : 4754-4764 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4238/2012.September.17.2
Cite this Article:
(2012). Conjugated linoleic acid-induced milk fat reduction associated with depressed expression of lipogenic genes in lactating Holstein mammary glands. Genet. Mol. Res. 11(4): gmr1886. https://doi.org/10.4238/2012.September.17.2
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Abstract

The efficacy of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) in diet supplements for milk fat reduction is well documented in several species. However, the mechanisms by which fatty acids regulate mammary lipogenesis remain largely unknown, especially with regard to gene expression of enzyme and regulators. In this study, 8 Holstein dairy cows in their mid-lactation period were randomly divided into 2 groups. Control cows received a Ca salt of palm oil fatty acid dietary supplement, and those in the CLA group were fed Ca salts of CLA (Ca-CLA), all in a dose of approximately 200 g∙cow-1∙day-1 for 14 days. The milk yield was recorded daily, and protein, lactose, and fat in the milk were quantified every 3 days for 2 weeks. Fatty acids in the milk were analyzed with gas-liquid chromatography. Measurement of messenger RNA levels of the main lipogenic genes of lipoprotein lipase, acetyl-coenzyme A (CoA) carboxylase, fatty acid synthase, stearoyl-CoA desaturase, and transcription factors such as sterol response element binding protein 1 (SREBP1) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ was performed in biopsy samples of mammary tissue on the last day. The results indicated that dietary Ca-CLA caused a continuous reduction of milk fat (P

The efficacy of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) in diet supplements for milk fat reduction is well documented in several species. However, the mechanisms by which fatty acids regulate mammary lipogenesis remain largely unknown, especially with regard to gene expression of enzyme and regulators. In this study, 8 Holstein dairy cows in their mid-lactation period were randomly divided into 2 groups. Control cows received a Ca salt of palm oil fatty acid dietary supplement, and those in the CLA group were fed Ca salts of CLA (Ca-CLA), all in a dose of approximately 200 g∙cow-1∙day-1 for 14 days. The milk yield was recorded daily, and protein, lactose, and fat in the milk were quantified every 3 days for 2 weeks. Fatty acids in the milk were analyzed with gas-liquid chromatography. Measurement of messenger RNA levels of the main lipogenic genes of lipoprotein lipase, acetyl-coenzyme A (CoA) carboxylase, fatty acid synthase, stearoyl-CoA desaturase, and transcription factors such as sterol response element binding protein 1 (SREBP1) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ was performed in biopsy samples of mammary tissue on the last day. The results indicated that dietary Ca-CLA caused a continuous reduction of milk fat (P