Research Article

Phenotypic and molecular characterization of CTX-M-14 extended-spectrum β-lactamase and plasmid-mediated ACT-like AmpC β-lactamase produced by Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates from chickens in Henan Province, China

Published: September 24, 2012
Genet. Mol. Res. 11 (3) : 3357-3364 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4238/2012.September.24.1
Cite this Article:
(2012). Phenotypic and molecular characterization of CTX-M-14 extended-spectrum β-lactamase and plasmid-mediated ACT-like AmpC β-lactamase produced by Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates from chickens in Henan Province, China. Genet. Mol. Res. 11(3): gmr2063. https://doi.org/10.4238/2012.September.24.1
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Abstract

Extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) and AmpC β-lactamases produced by a clinical isolate of Klebsiella pneumoniae from chickens were detected with confirmatory phenotypic tests of the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute. The minimum inhibitory concentrations of 18 antibacterial drugs against K. pneumoniae were determined by the 2-fold microdilution method. The genotype and subtype of the ESBL-producing and AmpC β-lactamase-producing K. pneumoniae isolate were identified by PCR amplification of the enzyme-encoding genes followed by DNA sequencing analysis. K. pneumoniae K1 isolate was an ESBL-producing and AmpC β-lactamase-producing bacteria with high resistance to β-lactam antibiotics, such as penicillins, third-generation cephalosporins, fluoroquinolones, and aminoglycosides. The sequence analysis showed that K. pneumoniae K1 harbored TEM-type, SHV-type, CTX-M-type, and ACT-type AmpC β-lactamase nucleotide sequences. The TEM-type sequence was designated as TEM-1; the SHV-type sequence was designated as SHV-11; the CTX-M-type sequence was designated as CTX-M-14. Compared with the ACT-like sequence (EF078894), the ACT-type sequence was characterized by 8 nucleotide mutations (A75G, C84G, T90C, A105G, G213A, G246A, C309T, and T315C). Only one mutation at position 75 led to an amino acid substitution (Asn28Lys). The blaACT type was an ACT-like derivative.

Extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) and AmpC β-lactamases produced by a clinical isolate of Klebsiella pneumoniae from chickens were detected with confirmatory phenotypic tests of the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute. The minimum inhibitory concentrations of 18 antibacterial drugs against K. pneumoniae were determined by the 2-fold microdilution method. The genotype and subtype of the ESBL-producing and AmpC β-lactamase-producing K. pneumoniae isolate were identified by PCR amplification of the enzyme-encoding genes followed by DNA sequencing analysis. K. pneumoniae K1 isolate was an ESBL-producing and AmpC β-lactamase-producing bacteria with high resistance to β-lactam antibiotics, such as penicillins, third-generation cephalosporins, fluoroquinolones, and aminoglycosides. The sequence analysis showed that K. pneumoniae K1 harbored TEM-type, SHV-type, CTX-M-type, and ACT-type AmpC β-lactamase nucleotide sequences. The TEM-type sequence was designated as TEM-1; the SHV-type sequence was designated as SHV-11; the CTX-M-type sequence was designated as CTX-M-14. Compared with the ACT-like sequence (EF078894), the ACT-type sequence was characterized by 8 nucleotide mutations (A75G, C84G, T90C, A105G, G213A, G246A, C309T, and T315C). Only one mutation at position 75 led to an amino acid substitution (Asn28Lys). The blaACT type was an ACT-like derivative.