Research Article

Lack of an association between TSC gene Arg904Gln polymorphisms and essential hypertension risk based on a meta-analysis

Published: September 26, 2012
Genet. Mol. Res. 11 (3) : 3511-3517 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4238/2012.September.26.7
Cite this Article:
(2012). Lack of an association between TSC gene Arg904Gln polymorphisms and essential hypertension risk based on a meta-analysis. Genet. Mol. Res. 11(3): gmr1824. https://doi.org/10.4238/2012.September.26.7
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Abstract

Although there have been several studies investigating a possible association between essential hypertension and TSC gene Arg904Gln polymorphisms, the results have been inconsistent. We conducted a meta-analysis of four case-control studies (one study in Europe and three studies in Asia), including 1811 essential hypertension cases and 1381 controls. The pooled results showed no significant associations between any of these polymorphisms and essential hypertension (allele Arg vs allele Gln: odds ratio (OR) = 0.94, 95% confidence interval (95%CI) = 0.70-1.27), additive genetic model (Arg/Arg vs Gln/Gln: OR = 0.98, 95%CI = 0.43-2.23), dominant genetic model (Arg/Arg + Arg/Gln vs Gln/ Gln: OR = 0.97, 95%CI = 0.43-2.21), and recessive genetic model (Arg/ Arg vs Arg/Gln + Gln/Gln: OR = 1.03, 95%CI = 0.45-2.35). Based on the results of our meta-analysis, we conclude that the TSC gene Arg904Gln polymorphism is not associated with essential hypertension risk.

Although there have been several studies investigating a possible association between essential hypertension and TSC gene Arg904Gln polymorphisms, the results have been inconsistent. We conducted a meta-analysis of four case-control studies (one study in Europe and three studies in Asia), including 1811 essential hypertension cases and 1381 controls. The pooled results showed no significant associations between any of these polymorphisms and essential hypertension (allele Arg vs allele Gln: odds ratio (OR) = 0.94, 95% confidence interval (95%CI) = 0.70-1.27), additive genetic model (Arg/Arg vs Gln/Gln: OR = 0.98, 95%CI = 0.43-2.23), dominant genetic model (Arg/Arg + Arg/Gln vs Gln/ Gln: OR = 0.97, 95%CI = 0.43-2.21), and recessive genetic model (Arg/ Arg vs Arg/Gln + Gln/Gln: OR = 1.03, 95%CI = 0.45-2.35). Based on the results of our meta-analysis, we conclude that the TSC gene Arg904Gln polymorphism is not associated with essential hypertension risk.

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