Research Article

MKL1-184C>T gene polymorphism is associated with coronary artery disease in the Chinese Han population

Published: January 28, 2014
Genet. Mol. Res. 13 (1) : 590-597 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4238/2014.January.28.4
Cite this Article:
(2014). MKL1-184C>T gene polymorphism is associated with coronary artery disease in the Chinese Han population. Genet. Mol. Res. 13(1): gmr2743. https://doi.org/10.4238/2014.January.28.4
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Abstract

We investigated genetic susceptibility to coronary artery disease (CAD) by studying the association of MKL1 gene polymorphisms with CAD in the Chinese Han population. We performed a case-control study with 476 unrelated CAD patients and 325 non-CAD controls. All SNPs were genotyped with a TaqMan SNP genotyping assay. The distribution of MKL1-184C>T gene polymorphism in each group was in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. The frequency of the MKL1 T allele in the CAD group was significantly higher than in the control group (38.6 vs 30.8%). After logistic regression models adjusted for CAD risk factors, the risk of CAD among CT genotypes was 1.765 times higher than among the CC genotypes [odds ration (OR) = 1.765, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.246-2.5], and for TT genotypes it was 1.806 times higher than for the CC genotypes (OR = 1.806, 95%CI = 1.203-2.71). In summary, genotypes with at least one T allele (CT or TT genotypes) had a significantly increased CAD risk than the CC genotypes, with a ratio of 1.78 to 1 (OR = 1.780, 95%CI = 1.311-2.418). There was a close association between -184 T allele and 3VD (OR = 1.614, 95%CI = 1.259-2.07, P T of MKL1 is an important susceptibility factor for CAD in the Han Chinese in Henan Province. Homozygosity for the T allele is not only associated with an increased risk for CAD, it is also correlated with severity of stenosis in the Chinese Han population.

We investigated genetic susceptibility to coronary artery disease (CAD) by studying the association of MKL1 gene polymorphisms with CAD in the Chinese Han population. We performed a case-control study with 476 unrelated CAD patients and 325 non-CAD controls. All SNPs were genotyped with a TaqMan SNP genotyping assay. The distribution of MKL1-184C>T gene polymorphism in each group was in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. The frequency of the MKL1 T allele in the CAD group was significantly higher than in the control group (38.6 vs 30.8%). After logistic regression models adjusted for CAD risk factors, the risk of CAD among CT genotypes was 1.765 times higher than among the CC genotypes [odds ration (OR) = 1.765, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.246-2.5], and for TT genotypes it was 1.806 times higher than for the CC genotypes (OR = 1.806, 95%CI = 1.203-2.71). In summary, genotypes with at least one T allele (CT or TT genotypes) had a significantly increased CAD risk than the CC genotypes, with a ratio of 1.78 to 1 (OR = 1.780, 95%CI = 1.311-2.418). There was a close association between -184 T allele and 3VD (OR = 1.614, 95%CI = 1.259-2.07, P T of MKL1 is an important susceptibility factor for CAD in the Han Chinese in Henan Province. Homozygosity for the T allele is not only associated with an increased risk for CAD, it is also correlated with severity of stenosis in the Chinese Han population.