Research Article

Genetic trend for milk yield in Guzerat herds participating in progeny testing and MOET nucleus schemes

Published: July 31, 2006
Genet. Mol. Res. 5 (3) : 454-465
Cite this Article:
(2006). Genetic trend for milk yield in Guzerat herds participating in progeny testing and MOET nucleus schemes. Genet. Mol. Res. 5(3): gmr0215.
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Abstract

Genetic trends for 305-day milk yield (P305) in Brazilian Guzerat herds under selection were compared. Data from 4898 lactations of 3179 purebred and crossbred cows from various regions of Brazil were used. Milk yield was adjusted for mature age and the contemporary groups were defined as herd and calving year. Genetic parameters were estimated using the MTDFREML program. The model included the random effects of animals and permanent environment, and herd-calving year, calving season and genetic composition as fixed effects. Genetic trends were estimated by linear regression of weighted average estimated breeding values as a function of calving year. The average P305 was 2065 ± 922 kg and the heritability was 0.23 ± 0.03. The annual genetic trend in estimated breeding values of cows for P305 was 7.09 ± 0.71 kg between 1987 and 2004, and 6.47 ± 2.35 kg between 1997 and 2004. For cows born and raised in the multiple ovulation and embryo transfer (MOET) nucleus, this trend was 36.46 ± 24.54 kg/year between 1997 and 2004, 183.14 ± 47.94 kg/year between 1997 and 2000, and 9.13 ± 19.19 kg/year between 2001 and 2004. An average inbreeding coefficient of 0.04 was found for inbred MOET cows in 2004. Increasing the size of the family and introducing new progenies changed reliabilities and predicted transmitting ability estimates of MOET sires. In conclusion, there was a positive genetic trend for milk yield in the MOET nucleus at low inbreeding coefficients due to the increased accuracy and estimated genetic merit, but no changes in the average milk yield were observed.

Genetic trends for 305-day milk yield (P305) in Brazilian Guzerat herds under selection were compared. Data from 4898 lactations of 3179 purebred and crossbred cows from various regions of Brazil were used. Milk yield was adjusted for mature age and the contemporary groups were defined as herd and calving year. Genetic parameters were estimated using the MTDFREML program. The model included the random effects of animals and permanent environment, and herd-calving year, calving season and genetic composition as fixed effects. Genetic trends were estimated by linear regression of weighted average estimated breeding values as a function of calving year. The average P305 was 2065 ± 922 kg and the heritability was 0.23 ± 0.03. The annual genetic trend in estimated breeding values of cows for P305 was 7.09 ± 0.71 kg between 1987 and 2004, and 6.47 ± 2.35 kg between 1997 and 2004. For cows born and raised in the multiple ovulation and embryo transfer (MOET) nucleus, this trend was 36.46 ± 24.54 kg/year between 1997 and 2004, 183.14 ± 47.94 kg/year between 1997 and 2000, and 9.13 ± 19.19 kg/year between 2001 and 2004. An average inbreeding coefficient of 0.04 was found for inbred MOET cows in 2004. Increasing the size of the family and introducing new progenies changed reliabilities and predicted transmitting ability estimates of MOET sires. In conclusion, there was a positive genetic trend for milk yield in the MOET nucleus at low inbreeding coefficients due to the increased accuracy and estimated genetic merit, but no changes in the average milk yield were observed.

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