Research Article

Diagnosis of lymph node micrometastasis at the pN0 stage of lung adenocarcinoma using a combination of markers

Published: July 25, 2014
Genet. Mol. Res. 13 (3) : 5594-5600 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4238/2014.July.25.14
Cite this Article:
(2014). Diagnosis of lymph node micrometastasis at the pN0 stage of lung adenocarcinoma using a combination of markers. Genet. Mol. Res. 13(3): gmr3783. https://doi.org/10.4238/2014.July.25.14
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Abstract

This study aimed to detect micrometastatic tumor cells in the lymph nodes of patients with pN0 lung adenocarcinoma using a combination of thyroid transcription factor-1 (TTF-1) expression and cytokeratin 7 (CK7) expression and to investigate the association of lymph node micrometastasis with the clinicopathological characteristics of patients with lung adenocarcinoma. A total of 54 patients with pN0 lung adenocarcinoma and whose primary tumors were positive for both TTF-1 and CK7 expression were included in this study. In total, 893 lymph nodes were obtained from these 54 patients and were analyzed for micrometastasis by immunohistochemical staining with anti-CK7 and anti-TTF-1 antibodies. CK7- and TTF-1-positive cells were found in the lymph nodes of 9 (16.7%) of 54 patients, and 21 (2.4%) of 893 lymph nodes exhibited positivity for these factors. No cells positive for both CK7 and TTF-1 were detected in the 5 lymph nodes obtained from patients with benign lung tumors. Lymph node micrometastasis was found to be associated with the differentiation grade and primary tumor position (P 0 lung adenocarcinoma.

This study aimed to detect micrometastatic tumor cells in the lymph nodes of patients with pN0 lung adenocarcinoma using a combination of thyroid transcription factor-1 (TTF-1) expression and cytokeratin 7 (CK7) expression and to investigate the association of lymph node micrometastasis with the clinicopathological characteristics of patients with lung adenocarcinoma. A total of 54 patients with pN0 lung adenocarcinoma and whose primary tumors were positive for both TTF-1 and CK7 expression were included in this study. In total, 893 lymph nodes were obtained from these 54 patients and were analyzed for micrometastasis by immunohistochemical staining with anti-CK7 and anti-TTF-1 antibodies. CK7- and TTF-1-positive cells were found in the lymph nodes of 9 (16.7%) of 54 patients, and 21 (2.4%) of 893 lymph nodes exhibited positivity for these factors. No cells positive for both CK7 and TTF-1 were detected in the 5 lymph nodes obtained from patients with benign lung tumors. Lymph node micrometastasis was found to be associated with the differentiation grade and primary tumor position (P 0 lung adenocarcinoma.