Research Article

Association between a functional variant in microRNA-27a and susceptibility to colorectal cancer in a Chinese Han population

Published: September 12, 2014
Genet. Mol. Res. 13 (3) : 7420-7427 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4238/2014.September.12.8
Cite this Article:
(2014). Association between a functional variant in microRNA-27a and susceptibility to colorectal cancer in a Chinese Han population. Genet. Mol. Res. 13(3): gmr3696. https://doi.org/10.4238/2014.September.12.8
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Abstract

Polymorphisms in pri-, pre-, and mature-microRNAs (miRNAs) have been proposed to be associated with various human cancers. Common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in miRNA genes can influence the maturation of miRNAs or miRNA-mediated transcriptional regulation. Through genotyping the rs895819 SNP in 254 colorectal cancer (CRC) patients and 238 healthy controls by polymerase chain reaction-restricted fragment length polymorphism, a case-control study was performed to investigate a possible association between a common A/G polymorphism (rs895819) within hsa-mir-27a and susceptibility to CRC in a Chinese Han population. In addition, after examining miR-27a expression levels in CRC tissues (N = 57) obtained from these CRC patients, we found that subjects with variant genotypes (AG+GG) had a significantly increased risk of developing CRC compared to AA carriers (odds ratio (OR) = 1.619, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.129-2.322). The elevated risk was especially evident in older (age ≥ 60 years) and male subjects. Further functional analyses indicated that the relative expression of miR-27a was significantly greater in tumor tissues from GG patients or patients carrying at least one G allele than in those from AA patients. In conclusion, we provide the first evidence that an miR-27a polymorphism contributes to CRC susceptibility in the Chinese Han population by modulating mature miR-27a expression.

Polymorphisms in pri-, pre-, and mature-microRNAs (miRNAs) have been proposed to be associated with various human cancers. Common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in miRNA genes can influence the maturation of miRNAs or miRNA-mediated transcriptional regulation. Through genotyping the rs895819 SNP in 254 colorectal cancer (CRC) patients and 238 healthy controls by polymerase chain reaction-restricted fragment length polymorphism, a case-control study was performed to investigate a possible association between a common A/G polymorphism (rs895819) within hsa-mir-27a and susceptibility to CRC in a Chinese Han population. In addition, after examining miR-27a expression levels in CRC tissues (N = 57) obtained from these CRC patients, we found that subjects with variant genotypes (AG+GG) had a significantly increased risk of developing CRC compared to AA carriers (odds ratio (OR) = 1.619, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.129-2.322). The elevated risk was especially evident in older (age ≥ 60 years) and male subjects. Further functional analyses indicated that the relative expression of miR-27a was significantly greater in tumor tissues from GG patients or patients carrying at least one G allele than in those from AA patients. In conclusion, we provide the first evidence that an miR-27a polymorphism contributes to CRC susceptibility in the Chinese Han population by modulating mature miR-27a expression.

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