Research Article

BMP-2 promotes chondrogenesis of rat adipose-derived stem cells by using a lentiviral system

Published: October 27, 2014
Genet. Mol. Res. 13 (4) : 8620-8631 DOI: 10.4238/2014.October.27.1

Abstract

Osteoporosis poses a major public health threat in aging societies. Adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) are multipotent adult stem cells that have the ability to yield mesenchymal stem cells, and have the potential to undergo osteogenesis and bone regeneration. Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) have been demonstrated to upregulate bone gene expression after mechanical injury and to improve bone injury repair. This study aimed to produce BMP-2 expression in ADSCs by using lentiviral vectors. Subcutaneous adipose tissue from 4-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats was used. Oil red O staining was used to detect adipocyte formation from ADSCs. Induction of ADSC osteogenesis was confirmed with Alizarin red S staining. The recombinant lenti-hBMP-2/neo was constructed to infect ADSCs, BMP-2 expression was measured by immunoblotting analysis, and cellular alkaline phosphatase levels were examined. We found that >70% of ADSC cells could be induced to differentiate into osteocytes or adipocytes. Under osteogenic induction, ADSCs showed increased intracellular calcium deposition, the formation of calcium tubercles, and the disappearance of cellular structures in calcium tubercles. After infection of ADSCs by lenti-hBMP-2/neo, BMP-2 was expressed after doxycycline induction. We, thus, conclude that ADSCs maintain vigorous growth ex vivo and possess stem cell-like properties. When infected with lenti-hBMP-2/neo, ADSCs can be induced to promote BMP-2 expression.

Osteoporosis poses a major public health threat in aging societies. Adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) are multipotent adult stem cells that have the ability to yield mesenchymal stem cells, and have the potential to undergo osteogenesis and bone regeneration. Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) have been demonstrated to upregulate bone gene expression after mechanical injury and to improve bone injury repair. This study aimed to produce BMP-2 expression in ADSCs by using lentiviral vectors. Subcutaneous adipose tissue from 4-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats was used. Oil red O staining was used to detect adipocyte formation from ADSCs. Induction of ADSC osteogenesis was confirmed with Alizarin red S staining. The recombinant lenti-hBMP-2/neo was constructed to infect ADSCs, BMP-2 expression was measured by immunoblotting analysis, and cellular alkaline phosphatase levels were examined. We found that >70% of ADSC cells could be induced to differentiate into osteocytes or adipocytes. Under osteogenic induction, ADSCs showed increased intracellular calcium deposition, the formation of calcium tubercles, and the disappearance of cellular structures in calcium tubercles. After infection of ADSCs by lenti-hBMP-2/neo, BMP-2 was expressed after doxycycline induction. We, thus, conclude that ADSCs maintain vigorous growth ex vivo and possess stem cell-like properties. When infected with lenti-hBMP-2/neo, ADSCs can be induced to promote BMP-2 expression.

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