Research Article

Comparison of extraction methods of total microbial DNA from freshwater

Published: January 30, 2015
Genet. Mol. Res. 14 (1) : 730-738 DOI: 10.4238/2015.January.30.16

Abstract

The demand for molecular analysis of aquatic microbial communities in freshwater has highlighted the need for efficient methods of DNA extraction. The centrifugation method and filtration-membrane method are 2 widely used methods for extracting DNA. The objective of this study was to compare the extraction efficiency of 3 methods, including the centrifugation method, filtration-membrane method, and modified filtration-membrane method, by evaluating the quantity and purity of DNA extracts obtained from water. DNA extraction was analyzed by agarose gel electrophoresis, ultraviolet-spectroscopy, restriction enzyme digestion, and polymerase chain reaction. The results showed that the modified filtration-membrane method was the most efficient for extracting microbial DNA from freshwater with high integrity and purity and is suitable for molecular applications.

The demand for molecular analysis of aquatic microbial communities in freshwater has highlighted the need for efficient methods of DNA extraction. The centrifugation method and filtration-membrane method are 2 widely used methods for extracting DNA. The objective of this study was to compare the extraction efficiency of 3 methods, including the centrifugation method, filtration-membrane method, and modified filtration-membrane method, by evaluating the quantity and purity of DNA extracts obtained from water. DNA extraction was analyzed by agarose gel electrophoresis, ultraviolet-spectroscopy, restriction enzyme digestion, and polymerase chain reaction. The results showed that the modified filtration-membrane method was the most efficient for extracting microbial DNA from freshwater with high integrity and purity and is suitable for molecular applications.