Research Article

Identification of QTLs of resistance to white mold in common bean from multiple markers by using Bayesian analysis

Published: February 06, 2015
Genet. Mol. Res. 14 (1) : 1124-1135 DOI: 10.4238/2015.February.6.16

Abstract

In this study, we identified simple sequence repeat, ampli­fied fragment length polymorphism, and sequence-related amplified poly­morphism markers linked to quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for resistance to white mold disease in common bean progenies derived from a cross between lines CNFC 9506 and RP-2, evaluated using the oxalic acid test and using Bayesian analysis. DNA was extracted from 186 F2 plants and their parental lines for molecular analysis. Fifteen experiments were car­ried out for phenotypic analysis, which included 186 F2:4 progenies, the F1 generation, the F2 generation, and the lines CNFC 9506, RP-2, and G122 as common treatments. A completely randomized experimental design with 3 replications was used in controlled environments. The adjusted means for the F2:4 generation were to identify QTLs by Bayesian shrink­age analysis. Significant differences were observed among the progenies for the reaction to white mold. The moving away method under the Bayes­ian approach was effective for identifying QTLs when it was not possible to obtain a genetic map because of low marker density. Using the Wald test, 25 markers identified QTLs for resistance to white mold, as well as 16 simple sequence repeats, 7 amplified fragment length polymorphisms, and 2 sequence-related amplified polymorphisms. The markers BM184, BM211, and PV-gaat001 showed low distances from QTLs related white mold resistance. In addition, these markers showed, signal effects with increasing resistance to white mold and high heritability in the analysis with oxalic acid, and thus, are promising for marker-assisted selection.

In this study, we identified simple sequence repeat, ampli­fied fragment length polymorphism, and sequence-related amplified poly­morphism markers linked to quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for resistance to white mold disease in common bean progenies derived from a cross between lines CNFC 9506 and RP-2, evaluated using the oxalic acid test and using Bayesian analysis. DNA was extracted from 186 F2 plants and their parental lines for molecular analysis. Fifteen experiments were car­ried out for phenotypic analysis, which included 186 F2:4 progenies, the F1 generation, the F2 generation, and the lines CNFC 9506, RP-2, and G122 as common treatments. A completely randomized experimental design with 3 replications was used in controlled environments. The adjusted means for the F2:4 generation were to identify QTLs by Bayesian shrink­age analysis. Significant differences were observed among the progenies for the reaction to white mold. The moving away method under the Bayes­ian approach was effective for identifying QTLs when it was not possible to obtain a genetic map because of low marker density. Using the Wald test, 25 markers identified QTLs for resistance to white mold, as well as 16 simple sequence repeats, 7 amplified fragment length polymorphisms, and 2 sequence-related amplified polymorphisms. The markers BM184, BM211, and PV-gaat001 showed low distances from QTLs related white mold resistance. In addition, these markers showed, signal effects with increasing resistance to white mold and high heritability in the analysis with oxalic acid, and thus, are promising for marker-assisted selection.