Case Report

Overwhelming postsplenectomy infection

Published: March 30, 2015
Genet. Mol. Res. 14 (1) : 2702-2706 DOI: 10.4238/2015.March.30.30

Abstract

This report aims to deepen the understanding of the pathogenesis, diagnosis, clinical characteristics, and treatment of overwhelming postsplenectomy infection (OPSI). A patient treated at Taihe Hospital for tuberculous OPSI is described, and relevant literature is reviewed. Broad-spectrum antibiotics, suppression of the systemic inflammatory reaction, and anti-shock measures were the keys to the successful treatment of this condition. OPSI is a life-threatening condition and has a high mortality rate. Early diagnosis, use of anti-inflammatory glucocorticoids, and administration of high-dose gamma globulin and ulinastatin for the treatment of OPSI may improve outcomes.

This report aims to deepen the understanding of the pathogenesis, diagnosis, clinical characteristics, and treatment of overwhelming postsplenectomy infection (OPSI). A patient treated at Taihe Hospital for tuberculous OPSI is described, and relevant literature is reviewed. Broad-spectrum antibiotics, suppression of the systemic inflammatory reaction, and anti-shock measures were the keys to the successful treatment of this condition. OPSI is a life-threatening condition and has a high mortality rate. Early diagnosis, use of anti-inflammatory glucocorticoids, and administration of high-dose gamma globulin and ulinastatin for the treatment of OPSI may improve outcomes.