Research Article

Increased gene coverage and Alu frequency in large linkage disequilibrium blocks of the human genome

Published: December 11, 2007
Genet. Mol. Res. 6 (4) : 1131-1141
Cite this Article:
(2007). Increased gene coverage and Alu frequency in large linkage disequilibrium blocks of the human genome. Genet. Mol. Res. 6(4): gmr359.
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Abstract

The human genome has linkage disequilibrium (LD) blocks, within which single-nucleotide polymorphisms show strong association with each other. We examined data from the International HapMap Project to define LD blocks and to detect DNA sequence features inside of them. We used permutation tests to determine the empirical significance of the association of LD blocks with genes and Alu repeats. Very large LD blocks (>200 kb) have significantly higher gene coverage and Alu frequency than the outcome obtained from permutation-based simulation, whereas there was no significant positive correlation between gene density and block size. We also observed a reduced frequency of Alu repeats at the gaps between large LD blocks, indicating that their enrichment in large LD blocks does not introduce recombination hotspots that would cause these gaps.

The human genome has linkage disequilibrium (LD) blocks, within which single-nucleotide polymorphisms show strong association with each other. We examined data from the International HapMap Project to define LD blocks and to detect DNA sequence features inside of them. We used permutation tests to determine the empirical significance of the association of LD blocks with genes and Alu repeats. Very large LD blocks (>200 kb) have significantly higher gene coverage and Alu frequency than the outcome obtained from permutation-based simulation, whereas there was no significant positive correlation between gene density and block size. We also observed a reduced frequency of Alu repeats at the gaps between large LD blocks, indicating that their enrichment in large LD blocks does not introduce recombination hotspots that would cause these gaps.

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