Research Article

 Prevalence and genotype distribution of human papillomavirus in women in the Henan Province

Published: May 22, 2015
Genet. Mol. Res. 14 (2) : 5452-5461 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4238/2015.May.22.15
Cite this Article:
Y.F. Zhi, X.X. Cha, X.F. Li, C. Qiu, S.H. Rong (2015).  Prevalence and genotype distribution of human papillomavirus in women in the Henan Province. Genet. Mol. Res. 14(2): 5452-5461. https://doi.org/10.4238/2015.May.22.15
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Abstract

We studied human papillomavirus (HPV) prevalence and genotype distribution among women in the Henan Province to provide epidemiological data as a means of preventing cervical cancer and developing a vaccine. A total of 14,873 samples were genotyped by using polymerase chain reaction reverse dot-blot. The overall HPV-positive rate in the sample was 23.98% (3566/14873), of which 69.01% (2461/3566) were infected with high-risk HPV types and 17.33% (618/3566) with low-risk types. Eighteen high-risk HPV types were detected; HPV 16 (16.73%) was the most common, followed by 58 (10.17%), 52 (9.11%), 56 (6.48%), 66 (5.76%), 33 (4.74%), 68 (3.92%), 31 (3.60%), 53 (3.13%), 59 (3.00%), 35 (2.53%), 51 (2.00%), 73 (1.08%), 45 (0.94%), 83 (0.84%), 39 (0.69%), 18 (0.61%), and MM4 (0.04%). Four low-risk HPV types were detected; HPV 43 (11.34%) was the most common, followed by 6 (5.17%), 42 (4.76%), and 11 (3.35%). Type 44 was not detected. Among the women positive for HPV, 71.17% (2538/3566) had a single type of infection; of these, 54.66% (1949/3566) had high-risk and 16.52% (589/3566) had low-risk infections. A total of 28.83% (1028/3566) had multiple HPV infec­tions, of which 20.11% (717/3566) had double HPV infections. One peak in HPV prevalence occurred among women younger than age 25; a second peak occurred among women older than age 55. The overall prevalence of HPV infection in the Henan Province was 23.98%, of which the most common type was high-risk HPV and a single type of infection. The leading genotypes were HPV 16, 43, 58, 52, and 56.

We studied human papillomavirus (HPV) prevalence and genotype distribution among women in the Henan Province to provide epidemiological data as a means of preventing cervical cancer and developing a vaccine. A total of 14,873 samples were genotyped by using polymerase chain reaction reverse dot-blot. The overall HPV-positive rate in the sample was 23.98% (3566/14873), of which 69.01% (2461/3566) were infected with high-risk HPV types and 17.33% (618/3566) with low-risk types. Eighteen high-risk HPV types were detected; HPV 16 (16.73%) was the most common, followed by 58 (10.17%), 52 (9.11%), 56 (6.48%), 66 (5.76%), 33 (4.74%), 68 (3.92%), 31 (3.60%), 53 (3.13%), 59 (3.00%), 35 (2.53%), 51 (2.00%), 73 (1.08%), 45 (0.94%), 83 (0.84%), 39 (0.69%), 18 (0.61%), and MM4 (0.04%). Four low-risk HPV types were detected; HPV 43 (11.34%) was the most common, followed by 6 (5.17%), 42 (4.76%), and 11 (3.35%). Type 44 was not detected. Among the women positive for HPV, 71.17% (2538/3566) had a single type of infection; of these, 54.66% (1949/3566) had high-risk and 16.52% (589/3566) had low-risk infections. A total of 28.83% (1028/3566) had multiple HPV infec­tions, of which 20.11% (717/3566) had double HPV infections. One peak in HPV prevalence occurred among women younger than age 25; a second peak occurred among women older than age 55. The overall prevalence of HPV infection in the Henan Province was 23.98%, of which the most common type was high-risk HPV and a single type of infection. The leading genotypes were HPV 16, 43, 58, 52, and 56.