Research Article

Protective effects of morphine preconditioning in delayed phase on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury in rabbits

Published: August 07, 2015
Genet. Mol. Res. 14 (3) : 8947-8954 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4238/2015.August.7.3
Cite this Article:
(2015). Protective effects of morphine preconditioning in delayed phase on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury in rabbits. Genet. Mol. Res. 14(3): gmr4934. https://doi.org/10.4238/2015.August.7.3
1,135 views

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the protective mechanisms of delayed-phase morphine preconditioning on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury. Thirty healthy male New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into three groups: a sham operation group (C), ischemia-reperfusion group (I/R), and delayed-phase morphine preconditioning group (M) (N = 10/group). Rabbits in the C group received thoracotomy for 160 min. Rabbits in the I/R group received left artery blockage for 40 min and reperfusion for 120 min. Rabbits in the M group received 1.0 mg/kg intravenous morphine 24 h prior to the identical treatment as the rabbits in the I/R group. In each group, the interleukin (IL)-10 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α levels were detected at five time points: 20 min before the left coronary artery blockage (T1), 20 and 40 min after the left coronary artery blockage (T2 and T3, respectively), and 1 and 2 h after the myocardial reperfusion (T4 and T5, respectively). After reperfusion, the infarction size was measured with Evans blue and 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining. Compared with the C group, serum IL-10 and TNF-α concentrations increased in the I/R and M groups; the difference was significant (P

The aim of this study was to investigate the protective mechanisms of delayed-phase morphine preconditioning on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury. Thirty healthy male New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into three groups: a sham operation group (C), ischemia-reperfusion group (I/R), and delayed-phase morphine preconditioning group (M) (N = 10/group). Rabbits in the C group received thoracotomy for 160 min. Rabbits in the I/R group received left artery blockage for 40 min and reperfusion for 120 min. Rabbits in the M group received 1.0 mg/kg intravenous morphine 24 h prior to the identical treatment as the rabbits in the I/R group. In each group, the interleukin (IL)-10 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α levels were detected at five time points: 20 min before the left coronary artery blockage (T1), 20 and 40 min after the left coronary artery blockage (T2 and T3, respectively), and 1 and 2 h after the myocardial reperfusion (T4 and T5, respectively). After reperfusion, the infarction size was measured with Evans blue and 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining. Compared with the C group, serum IL-10 and TNF-α concentrations increased in the I/R and M groups; the difference was significant (P