Research Article

Polymorphisms in the bovine CIDEC gene are associated with body measurement traits and meat quality traits in Qinchuan cattle

Published: August 07, 2015
Genet. Mol. Res. 14 (3) : 9013-9023 DOI: 10.4238/2015.August.7.10

Abstract

Previous studies have shown that the cell death-inducing DFF45-like effector-C (CIDEC) gene is involved in lipid storage and energy metabolism, suggesting that it is a potential candidate gene that affects body measurement traits (BMTs) and meat quality traits (MQTs). The aim of this study was to identify polymorphisms of the bovine CIDEC gene and analyze their possible associations with BMTs and MQTs in 531 randomly selected Qinchuan cattle aged between 18 and 24 months. DNA sequencing and polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism were employed to detect CIDEC single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). We found five SNPs: two in exon 5 (SNP1, g.9815G>A and SNP2, g.9924C>T) and three in the 3'-untranslated region (SNP3, g.13281C>T; SNP4, g.13297A>G; and SNP5, g.13307G>A). SNP1 was a missense mutation that resulted in an arginine to glutamine amino acid change, and exhibited two genotypes (GG and AG). SNP2 was a synonymous mutation that exhibited three genotypes (CC, CT, and TT). SNP3, 4, and 5 were completely linked, and only exhibited two genotypes (CC-AA-GG and CT-AG-GA). We found significant associations between these polymorphisms and BMTs and MQTs (P CIDEC may affect BMTs and MQTs in Qinchuan cattle, and could be used in marker-assisted selection.

Previous studies have shown that the cell death-inducing DFF45-like effector-C (CIDEC) gene is involved in lipid storage and energy metabolism, suggesting that it is a potential candidate gene that affects body measurement traits (BMTs) and meat quality traits (MQTs). The aim of this study was to identify polymorphisms of the bovine CIDEC gene and analyze their possible associations with BMTs and MQTs in 531 randomly selected Qinchuan cattle aged between 18 and 24 months. DNA sequencing and polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism were employed to detect CIDEC single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). We found five SNPs: two in exon 5 (SNP1, g.9815G>A and SNP2, g.9924C>T) and three in the 3'-untranslated region (SNP3, g.13281C>T; SNP4, g.13297A>G; and SNP5, g.13307G>A). SNP1 was a missense mutation that resulted in an arginine to glutamine amino acid change, and exhibited two genotypes (GG and AG). SNP2 was a synonymous mutation that exhibited three genotypes (CC, CT, and TT). SNP3, 4, and 5 were completely linked, and only exhibited two genotypes (CC-AA-GG and CT-AG-GA). We found significant associations between these polymorphisms and BMTs and MQTs (P < 0.05); GG, CT, and CT-AG-GA appeared to be the most beneficial genotypes. Therefore, CIDEC may affect BMTs and MQTs in Qinchuan cattle, and could be used in marker-assisted selection.