Research Article

Effects of microwave ablation or its combination with whole-body chemotherapy on serum vascular endothelial growth factor levels in patients with stage IIIB/IV NSCLC

Published: August 21, 2015
Genet. Mol. Res. 14 (3) : 10015-10025 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4238/2015.August.21.8
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Abstract

We aimed to analyze the changes of serum vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) before and after microwave ablation (MWA) in patients with stage IIIB-IV non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and to observe the effects of MWA combined with chemotherapy on short-term therapeutic efficacy and long-term survival. Concentrations of serum VEGF in 20 healthy subjects were considered as controls. Changes of serum VEGF were detected by ELISA before and after MWA (1 and 7 days after treatment). Seven days after MWA, patients were divided into a combination chemotherapy group of 22 subjects and a MWA alone group of 18 subjects. Serum VEGF was measured 1 month after MWA and 4 cycles after chemotherapy (3 months) to evaluate term effects; and 1- and 2-year survival rates. Serum VEGF concentrations declined sharply 1 day after MWA, and were significantly different from the levels before treatment. Subsequently, VEGF rebounded 7 days after ablation, higher than that before treatment. At 1 and 3 months, serum VEGF levels in both treatment groups were remarkably lower than that before treatment; efficiency, or for the 1-year survival rate. However, the 2-year survival rates were significantly different between the two groups. We demonstrated that after MWA, the serum VEGF concentration undergoes a process of increasing, which might promote metastasis and recurrence of NSCLC. MWA combined with whole-body chemotherapy appears to be an effective method to increase the disease control rate, reduce the probability of metastasis and recurrence, and thus improve long-term survival.

We aimed to analyze the changes of serum vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) before and after microwave ablation (MWA) in patients with stage IIIB-IV non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and to observe the effects of MWA combined with chemotherapy on short-term therapeutic efficacy and long-term survival. Concentrations of serum VEGF in 20 healthy subjects were considered as controls. Changes of serum VEGF were detected by ELISA before and after MWA (1 and 7 days after treatment). Seven days after MWA, patients were divided into a combination chemotherapy group of 22 subjects and a MWA alone group of 18 subjects. Serum VEGF was measured 1 month after MWA and 4 cycles after chemotherapy (3 months) to evaluate term effects; and 1- and 2-year survival rates. Serum VEGF concentrations declined sharply 1 day after MWA, and were significantly different from the levels before treatment. Subsequently, VEGF rebounded 7 days after ablation, higher than that before treatment. At 1 and 3 months, serum VEGF levels in both treatment groups were remarkably lower than that before treatment; efficiency, or for the 1-year survival rate. However, the 2-year survival rates were significantly different between the two groups. We demonstrated that after MWA, the serum VEGF concentration undergoes a process of increasing, which might promote metastasis and recurrence of NSCLC. MWA combined with whole-body chemotherapy appears to be an effective method to increase the disease control rate, reduce the probability of metastasis and recurrence, and thus improve long-term survival.