Research Article

RAPD analysis of herbicide-resistant Brasilian rice lines produced via mutagenesis

Published: December 30, 2002
Genet. Mol. Res. 1 (4) : 359-370
Cite this Article:
(2002). RAPD analysis of herbicide-resistant Brasilian rice lines produced via mutagenesis. Genet. Mol. Res. 1(4): gmr0030.
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Abstract

Over the last two decades, mutational techniques have become one of the most important tools available to progressive rice- breeding programs. In a mutation-breeding program initiated in 1999 at the Instituto Agronômico of Campinas, SP, Brazil, a rice line, IAC103, was selected for mutational studies with gamma radiation and ethyl methyl sulfonate mutagenesis, with the aim of developing a herbicide-resistant crop. After mutagenesis, surviving plants were exposed to glufosinate to check for herbicide resistance, which was examined up to the second generation. A detailed RAPD analysis was made of the resistant plants. Eighty Operon technology primers were tested and 10 were selected for a detailed study of RAPD markers that could tag herbicide resistance genes. Resistant and susceptible lines produced variation in the RAPD patterns and certain bands were found only in certain lines. These results suggest genetic ligation that will be confirmed through a genetic segregation study.

Over the last two decades, mutational techniques have become one of the most important tools available to progressive rice- breeding programs. In a mutation-breeding program initiated in 1999 at the Instituto Agronômico of Campinas, SP, Brazil, a rice line, IAC103, was selected for mutational studies with gamma radiation and ethyl methyl sulfonate mutagenesis, with the aim of developing a herbicide-resistant crop. After mutagenesis, surviving plants were exposed to glufosinate to check for herbicide resistance, which was examined up to the second generation. A detailed RAPD analysis was made of the resistant plants. Eighty Operon technology primers were tested and 10 were selected for a detailed study of RAPD markers that could tag herbicide resistance genes. Resistant and susceptible lines produced variation in the RAPD patterns and certain bands were found only in certain lines. These results suggest genetic ligation that will be confirmed through a genetic segregation study.

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