Research Article

Vascular endothelial growth factor -634 G/C polymorphism and risk of cancer: an updated meta-analysis

Published: October 30, 2015
Genet. Mol. Res. 14 (4) : 13906-13914 DOI: 10.4238/2015.October.29.11

Abstract

The association between vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) gene polymorphisms and risk of cancer has been investigated in several studies published previously; however, the individual results are inconclusive. Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis to establish evidence for an association between the VEGF -634 G/C polymorphism and risk of cancer. We searched PubMed, Medline, and Korean Studies Information Service System databases and identified 29 case-control studies, containing data of 25,324 individuals, for this meta-analysis. The odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (95%CI) were used to determine the strength of the association. Overall, no significant association was detected in the allele model (G allele vs C allele, OR = 0.98, 95%CI = 0.93-1.03), dominant model (G/G+G/C vs C/C, OR = 1.00, 95%CI = 0.90-1.11), or recessive model (G/G vs G/C+C/C, OR = 0.96, 95%CI = 0.89-1.03). The meta-analysis results suggest that the VEGF -634 G/C polymorphism may not be related to the development of cancer. However, additional studies with larger sample size are required in order to provide supporting evidence.

The association between vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) gene polymorphisms and risk of cancer has been investigated in several studies published previously; however, the individual results are inconclusive. Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis to establish evidence for an association between the VEGF -634 G/C polymorphism and risk of cancer. We searched PubMed, Medline, and Korean Studies Information Service System databases and identified 29 case-control studies, containing data of 25,324 individuals, for this meta-analysis. The odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (95%CI) were used to determine the strength of the association. Overall, no significant association was detected in the allele model (G allele vs C allele, OR = 0.98, 95%CI = 0.93-1.03), dominant model (G/G+G/C vs C/C, OR = 1.00, 95%CI = 0.90-1.11), or recessive model (G/G vs G/C+C/C, OR = 0.96, 95%CI = 0.89-1.03). The meta-analysis results suggest that the VEGF -634 G/C polymorphism may not be related to the development of cancer. However, additional studies with larger sample size are required in order to provide supporting evidence.

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