Research Article

Downregulation of MACC1 expression enhances cisplatin sensitivity in SKOV-3/DDP cells

Published: December 16, 2015
Genet. Mol. Res. 14 (4) : 17134-17144 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4238/2015.December.16.13
Cite this Article:
(2015). Downregulation of MACC1 expression enhances cisplatin sensitivity in SKOV-3/DDP cells. Genet. Mol. Res. 14(4): gmr7044. https://doi.org/10.4238/2015.December.16.13
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Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between MACC1 expression and resistance to cisplatin (DDP) in DDP-resistant human epithelial ovarian cancer SKOV-3 cells (SKOV-3/DDP). MACC1 mRNA and protein expression levels in SKOV-3 and SKOV-3/DDP cells were detected by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction and western blot. The SKOV-3/DDP cells were divided into 5 groups: control, shVect (transfected with p-super-EGFP-1 plasmid), pshMACC1 (transfected with psuper-EGFP-shMACC1 plasmid), PD (pretreated with 20 μM PD98059), and combined (transfected with psuper-EGFP-shMACC1 plasmid and pretreated with 20 μM PD98059) groups. Cisplatin sensitivity and cell apoptosis in SKOV-3/DDP cells were assayed by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay and flow cytometry. ERK1/2 and p-ERK1/2 expression was determined by western blot. MACC1 mRNA and protein expression levels in SKOV-3/DDP cells were 2.66 ± 0.54 and 1.95 ± 0.45 times those seen in SKOV-3 cells (P < 0.05). Cisplatin sensitivity of pshMACC1 group was much higher than that in the control and shVect groups. Cisplatin-induced cell apoptosis rates increased significantly in the pshMACC1, PD, and combined groups, compared to the control and shVect groups. Moreover, the apoptosis rate was the highest in the combined group among the 5 groups (IC50 = 20.836 ± 0.629 μM). p-ERK1/2 expression decreased significantly in the pshMACC1, PD, and combined groups (this decrease was the most obvious in the combined group). In conclusion, downregulation of MACC1 expression could enhance cisplatin sensitivity and decrease drug resistance in SKOV- 3/DDP cells.

The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between MACC1 expression and resistance to cisplatin (DDP) in DDP-resistant human epithelial ovarian cancer SKOV-3 cells (SKOV-3/DDP). MACC1 mRNA and protein expression levels in SKOV-3 and SKOV-3/DDP cells were detected by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction and western blot. The SKOV-3/DDP cells were divided into 5 groups: control, shVect (transfected with p-super-EGFP-1 plasmid), pshMACC1 (transfected with psuper-EGFP-shMACC1 plasmid), PD (pretreated with 20 μM PD98059), and combined (transfected with psuper-EGFP-shMACC1 plasmid and pretreated with 20 μM PD98059) groups. Cisplatin sensitivity and cell apoptosis in SKOV-3/DDP cells were assayed by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay and flow cytometry. ERK1/2 and p-ERK1/2 expression was determined by western blot. MACC1 mRNA and protein expression levels in SKOV-3/DDP cells were 2.66 ± 0.54 and 1.95 ± 0.45 times those seen in SKOV-3 cells (P < 0.05). Cisplatin sensitivity of pshMACC1 group was much higher than that in the control and shVect groups. Cisplatin-induced cell apoptosis rates increased significantly in the pshMACC1, PD, and combined groups, compared to the control and shVect groups. Moreover, the apoptosis rate was the highest in the combined group among the 5 groups (IC50 = 20.836 ± 0.629 μM). p-ERK1/2 expression decreased significantly in the pshMACC1, PD, and combined groups (this decrease was the most obvious in the combined group). In conclusion, downregulation of MACC1 expression could enhance cisplatin sensitivity and decrease drug resistance in SKOV- 3/DDP cells.