Research Article

Characterization of porcine GAS6 cDNA gene and its expression analysis in weaned piglets

Published: December 22, 2015
Genet. Mol. Res. 14 (4) : 17660-17672 DOI: 10.4238/2015.December.21.39

Abstract

The growth arrest-specific 6 gene (GAS6) is a member of the family of plasma vitamin K-dependent proteins, which are able to bind to phospholipids using an N-terminal gamma-carboxyglutamic acid domain. A recent report has demonstrated that the GAS6 gene can promote fat deposition and is associated with an increased number of fat cells in mice. In order to investigate whether GAS6 expression is associated with meat quality in pigs, a 2382-bp cDNA sequence of the porcine GAS6 gene (GenBank accession No. KC526197) was first obtained using rapid amplification of cDNA ends from porcine longissimus dorsi tissue. One A/G single nucleotide polymorphism anchored in exon 12 was genotyped using the marker PCR-RFLP-BglI, and the G allele was dominant in the pig breeds tested. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction showed that the porcine GAS6 gene was expressed in all tissues examined in weaned male Shaziling (SZL) and Yorkshire (YS) weanling piglets, and mRNA expression of GAS6 in the longissimus dorsi tissue of SZL piglets was significantly higher than that in YS piglets (P 0.05). The results imply that the GAS6 gene can be considered a potential candidate for meat quality trait selection and fat deposition in pigs.

The growth arrest-specific 6 gene (GAS6) is a member of the family of plasma vitamin K-dependent proteins, which are able to bind to phospholipids using an N-terminal gamma-carboxyglutamic acid domain. A recent report has demonstrated that the GAS6 gene can promote fat deposition and is associated with an increased number of fat cells in mice. In order to investigate whether GAS6 expression is associated with meat quality in pigs, a 2382-bp cDNA sequence of the porcine GAS6 gene (GenBank accession No. KC526197) was first obtained using rapid amplification of cDNA ends from porcine longissimus dorsi tissue. One A/G single nucleotide polymorphism anchored in exon 12 was genotyped using the marker PCR-RFLP-BglI, and the G allele was dominant in the pig breeds tested. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction showed that the porcine GAS6 gene was expressed in all tissues examined in weaned male Shaziling (SZL) and Yorkshire (YS) weanling piglets, and mRNA expression of GAS6 in the longissimus dorsi tissue of SZL piglets was significantly higher than that in YS piglets (P < 0.05). The GAS6 protein was likely to be a membrane protein and was detected in longissimus dorsi tissue from SZL and YS piglets using immunohistochemistry, with an abundant protein expression index (P > 0.05). The results imply that the GAS6 gene can be considered a potential candidate for meat quality trait selection and fat deposition in pigs.

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