Research Article

An improved extraction protocol for metagenomic DNA from a soil of the Brazilian Atlantic Rainforest

Published: November 02, 2008
Genet. Mol. Res. 7 (4) : 1226-1232 DOI: 10.4238/vol7-4gmr509

Abstract

The need for the prospecting for and identification of new biomolecules is a reality. Molecular techniques allow access to the metabolic potential of microorganisms via the isolation of DNA from environmental samples, i.e., without the application of microbial culture techniques. With its great biological diversity, the Atlantic Rainforest biome has a soil rich in organic matter, some components of which interfere negatively in the reactions necessary for the exploitation of its biotechnological potential. Here, we describe a protocol for the optimization of the treatment of soil samples before DNA extraction. The new methodology gives higher yield and quality of extracted DNA as compared with pre-existing techniques, facilitating the amplification and digestion of environmental DNA, and thus allows optimal exploitation of the genetic potential of the Atlantic Rainforest biome.

The need for the prospecting for and identification of new biomolecules is a reality. Molecular techniques allow access to the metabolic potential of microorganisms via the isolation of DNA from environmental samples, i.e., without the application of microbial culture techniques. With its great biological diversity, the Atlantic Rainforest biome has a soil rich in organic matter, some components of which interfere negatively in the reactions necessary for the exploitation of its biotechnological potential. Here, we describe a protocol for the optimization of the treatment of soil samples before DNA extraction. The new methodology gives higher yield and quality of extracted DNA as compared with pre-existing techniques, facilitating the amplification and digestion of environmental DNA, and thus allows optimal exploitation of the genetic potential of the Atlantic Rainforest biome.