Research Article

Association of NPRA and NPRC gene variants and hypertension in Mongolian population

Published: December 28, 2015
Genet. Mol. Res. 14 (4) : 18494-18502 DOI: 10.4238/2015.December.23.37

Abstract

NPRA and NPRC are candidate susceptibility genes for essential hypertension (EH) and play a key role in the regulation of plasma levels and biological effects of natriuretic peptides. The aims of the present study were to find new genetic markers in the NPRA and NPRC genes and to assess relationships between variants and EH. A total of 797 unrelated Mongolian herdsmen were enrolled, including 389 EH patients and 408 normotensive controls. Genotyping was performed using the polymerase chain reaction/ligase detection reaction assay. The distribution of the T-allele frequency of rs1847018 in NPRC differed significantly between hypertensive subjects and controls. There was an association between rs1847018 and EH in the additive model in NPRC (P NPRA between EH and normotensive individuals. In NPRA, the frequency of haplotype TCA in the EH group was significantly lower than in controls, while the frequency of haplotype TCG was significantly higher in the EH group than in controls; Individuals who possessed the TCA haplotype had a significantly lower risk of EH, whereas the presence of haplotype TCG was significantly associated with a higher risk of EH. However, there was no significant difference between the EH group and controls in any of the 8 haplotypes in NPRC. Rs1847018 is a genetic marker of EH in NPRC, and the frequency of haplotype TCA and TCG in NPRA is associated with EH in the Mongolian population.

NPRA and NPRC are candidate susceptibility genes for essential hypertension (EH) and play a key role in the regulation of plasma levels and biological effects of natriuretic peptides. The aims of the present study were to find new genetic markers in the NPRA and NPRC genes and to assess relationships between variants and EH. A total of 797 unrelated Mongolian herdsmen were enrolled, including 389 EH patients and 408 normotensive controls. Genotyping was performed using the polymerase chain reaction/ligase detection reaction assay. The distribution of the T-allele frequency of rs1847018 in NPRC differed significantly between hypertensive subjects and controls. There was an association between rs1847018 and EH in the additive model in NPRC (P < 0.05). There were no significant differences in the genotype and allele frequency distributions for any of the 3 single nucleotide polymorphisms in NPRA between EH and normotensive individuals. In NPRA, the frequency of haplotype TCA in the EH group was significantly lower than in controls, while the frequency of haplotype TCG was significantly higher in the EH group than in controls; Individuals who possessed the TCA haplotype had a significantly lower risk of EH, whereas the presence of haplotype TCG was significantly associated with a higher risk of EH. However, there was no significant difference between the EH group and controls in any of the 8 haplotypes in NPRC. Rs1847018 is a genetic marker of EH in NPRC, and the frequency of haplotype TCA and TCG in NPRA is associated with EH in the Mongolian population.

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