Research Article

Association between adiponectin gene T45G polymorphism and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease risk: a meta-analysis

Published: January 08, 2016
Genet. Mol. Res. 15(1): gmr7190 DOI: 10.4238/gmr.15017190

Abstract

Numerous epidemiological investigations have evaluated the association between adiponectin gene T45G polymorphism and risk of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). However, the results of these studies have proven to be inconsistent. Therefore, we conducted a meta-analysis to obtain a more accurate estimation of this association. Published articles were retrieved from PubMed and Web of Science databases and pooled odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using fixed- or random-effect models. Five case-control studies incorporating 597 cases and 701 controls were included in this meta-analysis. No association between adiponectin gene T45G polymorphism and NAFLD was established (TT vs GG: OR = 0.83, 95%CI = 0.37-1.86; TG vs GG: OR = 0.76, 95%CI = 0.33-1.79; dominant model: OR = 0.83, 95%CI = 0.37-1.84; recessive model: OR = 1.10, 95%CI = 0.69-1.76). Moreover, in a subgroup analysis, no significant correlation was found among Asian subjects. In conclusion, the T45G polymorphism of the adiponectin gene may not constitute an NAFLD risk factor. However, this needs to be further validated in single large well-designed future studies.

Numerous epidemiological investigations have evaluated the association between adiponectin gene T45G polymorphism and risk of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). However, the results of these studies have proven to be inconsistent. Therefore, we conducted a meta-analysis to obtain a more accurate estimation of this association. Published articles were retrieved from PubMed and Web of Science databases and pooled odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using fixed- or random-effect models. Five case-control studies incorporating 597 cases and 701 controls were included in this meta-analysis. No association between adiponectin gene T45G polymorphism and NAFLD was established (TT vs GG: OR = 0.83, 95%CI = 0.37-1.86; TG vs GG: OR = 0.76, 95%CI = 0.33-1.79; dominant model: OR = 0.83, 95%CI = 0.37-1.84; recessive model: OR = 1.10, 95%CI = 0.69-1.76). Moreover, in a subgroup analysis, no significant correlation was found among Asian subjects. In conclusion, the T45G polymorphism of the adiponectin gene may not constitute an NAFLD risk factor. However, this needs to be further validated in single large well-designed future studies.