Research Article

Role of ADH1B rs1229984 and ALDH2 rs671 gene polymorphisms in the development of Alzheimer's disease

Published: October 05, 2016
Genet. Mol. Res. 15(4): gmr8740 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4238/gmr.15048740
Cite this Article:
(2016). Role of ADH1B rs1229984 and ALDH2 rs671 gene polymorphisms in the development of Alzheimer's disease. Genet. Mol. Res. 15(4): gmr8740. https://doi.org/10.4238/gmr.15048740
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Abstract

In the present study, we investigated the association between ADH1B rs1229984 and ALDH2 rs671 polymorphisms and the development of Alzheimer’s disease in a Chinese population. Genotyping of the ADH1B rs1229984 and ALDH2 rs671 polymorphisms was carried out by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism. Logistic regression analyses revealed that the AA genotype of ADH1B rs1229984 was associated with an increased risk of Alzheimer’s disease (OR = 2.54, 95%CI = 1.19-5.41). In addition, ADH1B rs1229984 was also associated with elevated risk of Alzheimer’s disease in both dominant (OR = 1.78, 95%CI = 1.09-2.93) and recessive (OR = 2.33, 95%CI = 1.18-4.57) models. For ALDH2 rs671, the AA genotype was correlated with an increased risk of Alzheimer’s disease as compared to the GG genotype (OR = 4.57, 95%CI = 1.60-14.01). The ALDH2 rs671 polymorphism was associated with Alzheimer’s in both dominant (OR = 1.79, 95%CI = 1.08-2.97) and recessive (OR = 4.17, 95%CI = 1.49-12.67) models. In conclusion, we observed that ADH1B rs1229984 and ALDH2 rs671 polymorphisms increased the risk of Alzheimer’s disease in all the genetic models.

In the present study, we investigated the association between ADH1B rs1229984 and ALDH2 rs671 polymorphisms and the development of Alzheimer’s disease in a Chinese population. Genotyping of the ADH1B rs1229984 and ALDH2 rs671 polymorphisms was carried out by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism. Logistic regression analyses revealed that the AA genotype of ADH1B rs1229984 was associated with an increased risk of Alzheimer’s disease (OR = 2.54, 95%CI = 1.19-5.41). In addition, ADH1B rs1229984 was also associated with elevated risk of Alzheimer’s disease in both dominant (OR = 1.78, 95%CI = 1.09-2.93) and recessive (OR = 2.33, 95%CI = 1.18-4.57) models. For ALDH2 rs671, the AA genotype was correlated with an increased risk of Alzheimer’s disease as compared to the GG genotype (OR = 4.57, 95%CI = 1.60-14.01). The ALDH2 rs671 polymorphism was associated with Alzheimer’s in both dominant (OR = 1.79, 95%CI = 1.08-2.97) and recessive (OR = 4.17, 95%CI = 1.49-12.67) models. In conclusion, we observed that ADH1B rs1229984 and ALDH2 rs671 polymorphisms increased the risk of Alzheimer’s disease in all the genetic models.

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