Research Article

Relationships of weight and height with age in hybrid Holstein-Friesian/Guzera females

Published: September 30, 2003
Genet. Mol. Res. 2 (3) : 271-278
Cite this Article:
(2003). Relationships of weight and height with age in hybrid Holstein-Friesian/Guzera females. Genet. Mol. Res. 2(3): gmr0067.
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Abstract

Serial data on live weights, height at withers and the weight/height ratio of 263 cows (3 to 9 years old) and 196 heifers (2 to 5 years old) were studied. The animals were of six red and white Holstein-Friesian (HF)/Guzera crosses (1/4, 1/2, 5/8, 3/4, 7/8 and ≥31/32 HF-expected gene fraction). Separate analyses were performed for cows and heifers using the Proc Mixed of the SAS package. Models included the fixed effects of farm, season, reproductive and lactation status, two-factor interactions, quadratic regressions on age and age x crossbred group interaction, as continuous co-variables and regressions on the HF gene fraction and on breed heterozygosity, plus the animal random effect. Only heifer growth in height and weight/height was linear with age. In all three traits in both categories the individual additive-dominance model explained the variation between crossbred groups. The breed additive difference was not significant (P 2, for withers height, 2.49 ± 0.29 cm/year and -0.15 ± 0.02 cm/year2 and for weight/height, 0.22 ± 0.04 kg/cm/year and -0.01 ± 0.003 kg/cm/year2. Corresponding values for heifers were, for live weight, 153.46 ± 37.06 kg/year and -15.69 ± 4.91 kg/year2, while only linear coefficients applied to withers height (1.63 ± 0.43 cm/year) and weight/height (0.16 ± 0.03 kg/cm/year).

Serial data on live weights, height at withers and the weight/height ratio of 263 cows (3 to 9 years old) and 196 heifers (2 to 5 years old) were studied. The animals were of six red and white Holstein-Friesian (HF)/Guzera crosses (1/4, 1/2, 5/8, 3/4, 7/8 and ≥31/32 HF-expected gene fraction). Separate analyses were performed for cows and heifers using the Proc Mixed of the SAS package. Models included the fixed effects of farm, season, reproductive and lactation status, two-factor interactions, quadratic regressions on age and age x crossbred group interaction, as continuous co-variables and regressions on the HF gene fraction and on breed heterozygosity, plus the animal random effect. Only heifer growth in height and weight/height was linear with age. In all three traits in both categories the individual additive-dominance model explained the variation between crossbred groups. The breed additive difference was not significant (P 2, for withers height, 2.49 ± 0.29 cm/year and -0.15 ± 0.02 cm/year2 and for weight/height, 0.22 ± 0.04 kg/cm/year and -0.01 ± 0.003 kg/cm/year2. Corresponding values for heifers were, for live weight, 153.46 ± 37.06 kg/year and -15.69 ± 4.91 kg/year2, while only linear coefficients applied to withers height (1.63 ± 0.43 cm/year) and weight/height (0.16 ± 0.03 kg/cm/year).

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