Medical nitroglycerin (glyceryl trinitrate, GTN) use is limited principally by tolerance typified by a decrease in nitric oxide (NO) produced by biotransformation. Such tolerance may lead to endothelial dysfunction by inducing oxidative stress. In vivo studies have demonstrated that aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) plays important roles in GTN biotransformation and tolerance. Thus, modification of ALDH2 expression represents a potentially effective strategy to prevent and reverse GTN tolerance and endothelial dysfunction.
Aldehyde dehydrogenase 2
Mongolians are known as heavy drinkers, and they have a high incidence of essential hypertension, which may be an associated pathology. We examined a possible association of essential hypertension and polymorphism of the aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) gene in Mongolians from Inner Mongolia. Single nucleotide polymorphism rs671 of ALDH2 was detected by TaqMan PCR in 91 essential hypertensive patients (44 males and 47 females) and 70 healthy Mongolians (37 males and 33 females).