Anatomy

Anatomical information for intercostobrachial nerve preservation in axillary lymph node dissection for breast cancer

J. J. Zhu, Liu, X. F., Zhang, P. L., Yang, J. Z., Wang, J., Qin, Y., Zhang, G. L., Ren, D. Q., Cui, C. L., and Guo, X. G., Anatomical information for intercostobrachial nerve preservation in axillary lymph node dissection for breast cancer, vol. 13, pp. 9315-9323, 2014.

This study aimed to provide additional anatomical information for axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) through in vivo anatomy studies of intercostobrachial nerve (ICBN) preservation in order to provide theoretical and practical experience for clinicians. A total of 156 patients with breast cancer underwent ALND at the Department of Gynecology of Baotou Tumor Hospital between June 2009 and March 2010.

Characterization of Capsicum species using anatomical and molecular data

G. B. Dias, Gomes, V. M., Moraes, T. M. S., Zottich, U. P., Rabelo, G. R., Carvalho, A. O., Moulin, M., Gonçalves, L. S. A., Rodrigues, R., and Da Cunha, M., Characterization of Capsicum species using anatomical and molecular data, vol. 12, pp. 6488-6501, 2013.

Capsicum species are frequently described in terms of genetic divergence, considering morphological, agronomic, and molecular databases. However, descriptions of genetic differences based on anatomical characters are rare. We examined the anatomy and the micromorphology of vegetative and reproductive organs of several Capsicum species. Four Capsicum accessions representing the species C. annuum var. annuum, C. baccatum var. pendulum, C. chinense, and C.

Genetic, embryonic and anatomical study of an interspecific cassava hybrid

N. M. A. Nassar, Hashimoto, D. Y., and Ribeiro, D. G., Genetic, embryonic and anatomical study of an interspecific cassava hybrid, vol. 9, pp. 532-538, 2010.

A molecular, anatomical and cytogenetic study of an interspecific hybrid between Manihot esculenta (cassava) and the wild species M. oligantha was carried out. Cytogenetics revealed relatively complete chromosome pairing and high viability of the pollen grains. Ovule structure examined by the clearing method showed polyembryony in 2.7% of the ovules. Doubling of the chromosome number resulted in an increase in polyembryony of up to 18% and a reduction in pollen viability. Multivalent formation was also observed.

Anatomical alterations due to polyploidy in cassava, Manihot esculenta Crantz

N. M. A. Nassar, Anatomical alterations due to polyploidy in cassava, Manihot esculenta Crantz, vol. 7, pp. 276-283, 2008.

Information on anatomical structure is needed by breeders working on improvement for drought tolerance. For studying the effect of polyploidy on cassava anatomy and its significance to tolerance to drought, we induced a polyploidy type of a selected clone (UnB 530) by applying an aqueous solution of 0.2% colchicine on lateral buds for a period of 12 h. The stem identified as tetraploid was propagated to produce the whole plant. Free-hand cross-sections of the median portion between stem internodes were made.

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