This study evaluated different dosage forms of aluminum adjuvant in generating allergic rhinitis animal models. Forty female BALB/c mice were assigned to four groups, including three dosage forms of aluminum adjuvant [powder, gel, and hydrosolvent of aluminum hydroxide, Al(OH)3] mixed with ovalbumin to simulate the symptoms of allergic rhinitis and one control group. Although the aluminum adjuvants were in different dosage forms, the content was 5 mg after conversion in all groups. The fourth group was given normal saline instead as a control.
We investigated the effect of Jianpi Bushen prescription (JBP) on the expression of the SHP-1 and apoptosis-related genes in chemically damaged model mice and a compound e-jiao slurry (EJS) group (positive control). Kunming mice received an abdominal injection of 100 mg/kg cyclophosphamide once a day for 3 consecutive days to induce chemical damage. The mice underwent lavage at a suspension of 0.1 g/kg low-dose JBP (100%), high-dose JBP (200%), and 0.2 mL/10 g EJS twice a day for 9 days.
We examined a possible relationship between genes responsible for energy metabolism of the brain and addictive behavior in an animal model. We used non-inbred, Swiss mice exposed to a three-bottle free-choice model [water, 5% (v/v) ethanol, and 10% (v/v) ethanol] over a 16-week period, consisting of four phases: acquisition, withdrawal, reexposure, and quinine-adulteration.
Modifications in the GABA pathway are considered to be responsible for motor alterations in animal models for fragile X-associated tremor ataxia syndrome. We analyzed the expression profile in the cerebellum in a transgenic mouse model that over expresses the human FMR1 gene with CGG repeats in the normal range. We used the “GeneChip Mouse Gene 1.0 ST Array” from Affymetrix analyzing 28,853 well-described and -characterized genes.
The effects of the traditional Chinese drug Jianpi Bushen Prescription (JBP) were investigated on expressions of Wnt3a and Cyclin D1 genes in radiation-damaged mice. The radiation damage model was induced in Kumming mice by single total body irradiation treatment for 9 days. Mice were divided into the radiation group, low-dose (100%) JBP group, high-dose (200%) JBP group, or batyl alcohol group (positive control), which were administered twice a day for 9 days.
The effect of genetic and non-genetic factors for carcass, breast meat and leg weights, and yields of a commercial broiler line were investigated using the restricted maximum likelihood method, considering four different animal models, including or excluding maternal genetic effect with covariance between direct and maternal genetic effects, and maternal permanent environmental effect. The likelihood ratio test was used to determine the most adequate model for each trait.