Apoptosis

Inhibition of subcutaneously implanted human pituitary tumor cells in nude mice by LRIG1

X. Wang, He, X. J., Xu, H. Q., Chen, Z. W., Fan, H. H., Wang, X., He, X. J., Xu, H. Q., Chen, Z. W., and Fan, H. H., Inhibition of subcutaneously implanted human pituitary tumor cells in nude mice by LRIG1, vol. 15, p. -, 2016.

The aim of this study was to explore the inhibition of subcutaneously implanted human pituitary tumor cells in nude mice by LRIG1 and its mechanism. For this study, athymic nude mice were injected with either normal pituitary tumor RC-4B/C cells or LRIG1-transfected RC-4B/C cells. We then calculated the volume inhibition rate of the tumors, as well as the apoptosis index of tumor cells and the expression of Ras, Raf, AKt, and ERK mRNA in tumor cells. Tumor cell morphological and structural changes were also observed under electron microscope.

A microRNA-152 that targets the phosphatase and tensin homolog to inhibit low oxygen induced-apoptosis in human brain microvascular endothelial cells

Y. H. Cao, Li, D. G., Xu, B., Wang, M. Q., Zhen, N., Man, L. X., Zhang, Y. Y., Chi, M., Cao, Y. H., Li, D. G., Xu, B., Wang, M. Q., Zhen, N., Man, L. X., Zhang, Y. Y., and Chi, M., A microRNA-152 that targets the phosphatase and tensin homolog to inhibit low oxygen induced-apoptosis in human brain microvascular endothelial cells, vol. 15, p. -, 2016.

Brain damage caused by perinatal asphyxia is dangerous for neonatal infants, but the mechanism by which it occurs remains elusive. In this study, microRNA-152 (miR-152) expression was induced by low oxygen levels in rat models of hypoxia brain damage, as well as in human brain microvascular endothelial cells (HBMECs) cultured in vitro. Analysis of the sequence of miR-152 revealed that the phosphatase and tensin homolog gene (PTEN) is probably the target of miR-152 both in humans and rats.

Effect of overexpression of PTEN on apoptosis of liver cancer cells

M. F. Li, Guan, H., Zhang, D. D., Li, M. F., Guan, H., and Zhang, D. D., Effect of overexpression of PTEN on apoptosis of liver cancer cells, vol. 15, p. -, 2016.

Liver cancer is a common malignant tumor associated with a short-survival period and high-mortality rate, and its prevalence in China is particularly high. This study aimed to investigate the effect of overexpressing the phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN) gene on liver cancer cell apoptosis and provide new insight into the treatment of this disease.

MicroRNA-32 functions as a tumor suppressor and directly targets EZH2 in uveal melanoma

Y. B. Ma, Song, D. W., Nie, R. H., and Mu, G. Y., MicroRNA-32 functions as a tumor suppressor and directly targets EZH2 in uveal melanoma, vol. 15, p. -, 2016.

MicroRNA-32 (miR-32) has been shown to be dysregulated in some human malignancies and this has been found to be correlated with tumor progression. However, its role in uveal melanoma formation and progression remains largely unknown. Thus, the aim of this study was to explore the expression and function of miR-32 in human uveal melanoma. Using quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, we detected miR-32 expression in uveal melanoma tumor tissues and cell lines. The effects of miR-32 on the biological behavior of uveal melanoma cells were also investigated.

Hypoxia-induced apoptosis and mitochondrial dysfunction in chondrocytes arising from CREB phosphorylation reduction

Y. Y. Qiu, Chen, Y., Zeng, T. H., Guo, W. H., Zhou, W. Y., Yang, X. J., Qiu, Y. Y., Chen, Y., Zeng, T. H., Guo, W. H., Zhou, W. Y., and Yang, X. J., Hypoxia-induced apoptosis and mitochondrial dysfunction in chondrocytes arising from CREB phosphorylation reduction, vol. 15, p. -, 2016.

Chondrocytes, which are embedded within the growth-plate or the intervertebral disc, are sensitive to environmental stresses, such as inflammation and hypoxia. However, little is known about the molecular signaling pathways underlying hypoxia-induced mitochondrial dysfunction and apoptosis in chondrocytes. We first examined the apoptosis, caspase-3 activity, and apoptosis-associated markers in human chondrocyte cell line C28/I2 under normoxia or hypoxia.

Establishment of a blue light damage model of human retinal pigment epithelial cells in vitro

G. Su, Cai, S. J., Gong, X., Wang, L. L., Li, H. H., Wang, L. M., Su, G., Cai, S. J., Gong, X., Wang, L. L., Li, H. H., and Wang, L. M., Establishment of a blue light damage model of human retinal pigment epithelial cells in vitro, vol. 15, p. -, 2016.

To establish a blue-light damage model of human retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). Fourth-generation human RPE cells were randomly divided into two groups. In group A, cells were exposed to blue light (2000 ± 500 lux) for 0 (control), 3, 6, 9, and 12 h, and cell culture was stopped after 12 h. In group B, cells were exposed to blue light at the same intensity and time periods, but cell culture was stopped after 24 h. TdT-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL) assay was performed to determine the most suitable illuminating time with apoptotic index.

Borax-induced apoptosis in HepG2 cells involves p53, Bcl-2, and Bax

Y. Wei, Yuan, F. J., Zhou, W. B., Wu, L., Chen, L., Wang, J. J., Zhang, Y. S., Wei, Y., Yuan, F. J., Zhou, W. B., Wu, L., Chen, L., Wang, J. J., and Zhang, Y. S., Borax-induced apoptosis in HepG2 cells involves p53, Bcl-2, and Bax, vol. 15, p. -, 2016.

Borax, a boron compound and a salt of boric acid, is known to inhibit the growth of tumor cells. HepG2 cells have been shown to be clearly susceptible to the anti-proliferative effects of borax. However, the specific mechanisms regulating this effect are poorly understood. This study aimed to investigate the pathways underlying the growth inhibition induced by borax in HepG2 cells. The effects of borax on HepG2 cell viability were characterized using MTT. Apoptosis was also verified by annexin V/propidium iodide staining.

Fas-FasL expression and myocardial cell apoptosis in patients with viral myocarditis

T. F. Huang, Wu, X. H., Wang, X., Lu, I. J., Huang, T. F., Wu, X. H., Wang, X., and Lu, I. J., Fas-FasL expression and myocardial cell apoptosis in patients with viral myocarditis, vol. 15, p. -, 2016.

The aim of the current study was to investigate Fas and FasL expression and myocardial cell apoptosis in viral myocarditis patients. Human heart specimens were selected from patients who were autopsied between February 2012 and February 2015; of these, 25 patients were diagnosed with viral myocarditis. Another 15 cases with no diagnosis of myocarditis were selected for the control group.

Propofol inhibits proliferation and accelerates apoptosis of human gastric cancer cells by regulation of microRNA-451 and MMP-2 expression

Z. Peng, Zhang, Y., Peng, Z., Zhang, Y., Peng, Z., and Zhang, Y., Propofol inhibits proliferation and accelerates apoptosis of human gastric cancer cells by regulation of microRNA-451 and MMP-2 expression, vol. 15, p. -, 2016.

Propofol is an extensively used intravenous anesthetic agent. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of propofol on the behavior of human gastric cancer cells and the molecular mechanisms associated with this activity. The effects of propofol on proliferation and apoptosis in the SGC-7901 gastric cancer cell line were detected by an MTT assay and measurement of caspase-3 activity. The protein expression levels of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) were detected by western blotting.

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