Runt-related transcription factor 3 (RUNX3) is a potential tumor suppressor that is frequently hypermethylated in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The present meta-analysis of case-control studies was carried out to determine whether RUNX3 hypermethylation is associated with HCC. The PubMed, Embase, and Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure databases were searched for all relevant studies published between May 2000 and May 2012.
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), the most important regulator of angiogenesis and vascular permeability, is involved in various steps of carcinogenesis. The +936C/T polymorphism of the VEGF gene has been reported to affect the VEGF protein level and to be related to the susceptibility of cancer. However, the results of published studies, as well as the subsequent meta-analyses, remain contradictory. We investigated the association between VEGF +936C/T polymorphism and cancer risk in the Asian population.
Genetic variation in the CASP-8 gene reportedly can increase cancer susceptibility by regulating tumor cell proliferation and apoptosis. Several studies have investigated this possibility; however, the conclusions remain controversial. We made a Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) review and did a meta-analysis to explore the association between CASP-8 gene polymorphisms and cancer risk in Asian populations. Based on the inclusion criteria, 12 case-control studies comprising 7720 cancer cases and 9404 healthy controls were retrieved.