To date, no study has investigated the association between CYP1A2-163C/A polymorphism and bladder cancer risk in a Chinese population. Here, we extracted genomic DNA from peripheral white blood cells, and differentiated CYP1A2 alleles by polymerase chain reaction-based restriction fragment length polymorphism methods. Differences in genotype frequencies between the cases and controls were evaluated using a chi-square test. The odds ratio (OR) and its 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated using an unconditional logistic regression model.
A single nucleotide polymorphism of MYC rs9642880 (G>T) at the 8q24.1 locus is thought to be associated with bladder cancer risk based on the results of genome-wide association studies, but the results remain inconclusive. To assess the association between rs9642880[T] allele and bladder cancer risk, we performed this meta-analysis including 18 case-control studies and involving 23,084 cases and 97,164 controls. Electronic searches for publications were conducted to determine the association between this variant and prostate cancer in several databases.
In this study, the association between the 729G/C polymorphism in Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and the risk of bladder cancer was investigated. A total of 376 patients with bladder cancer and 380 healthy volunteers from the Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University (China) were enrolled in this study between January 2008 and February 2014. The TLR4-729G/C polymorphism was detected by the polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism assay.
We investigated the clinical significance and prognostic value of microRNA-100 (miR-100) in bladder cancer. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was used to analyze the expression of miR-100 in 92 pairs of human bladder cancer and adjacent normal tissue samples. Overall survival (OS) curves were plotted using the Kaplan-Meier method and were evaluated for statistical significance using a log-rank test. The significance of different variables with respect to survival was analyzed using the multivariate Cox proportional hazard model.
The incidence of bladder cancer is closely associated with exposure to aromatic amines, that can cause cancer only after metabolic activation regulated by N-acetyl transferase 1 and 2 (NAT1 and NAT2). Many studies have indicated that slow acetylation of NAT2 increases the risk of bladder cancer. The major risk factor is tobacco smoke; however, some studies have failed to prove this. This study attempted to explore the correlation between NAT2 slow acetylation and bladder cancer risk through a meta-analysis of published case-control studies.
Dickkopf-1 (DKK-1) is a secreted protein that inhibits Wnt signaling. However, the clinical significance and prognostic value of serum DKK-1 levels have not been previously investigated in bladder cancer in Chinese patients. Blood samples were taken from 94 consecutive patients diagnosed with bladder cancer and 60 healthy control subjects. Serum DKK-1 expression levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay according to the manufacturer’s directions.