The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) in bone marrow stromal stem cells (BMSCs) and the in vivo and in vitro osteogenic activity of BMSCs transfected with the adenovirus plasmid, Ad-GFP-hBMP-2. The Ad-GFP-hBMP-2 plasmid was packaged and transfected into rabbit BMSCs to determine the transfection rate. The alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activities of Ad-GFP-hBMP-2-transfected BMSCs (experimental group) and untransfected BMSCs (control group) were detected.
Bone morphogenetic protein
The biological effects of transfection of an adeno-associated virus (AAV) vector with bone morphogenetic proteins 4 and 7 (BMP-4/7) fusion gene (AAV-BMP-4/7) were determined in rabbit bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs). BMP-4 and BMP-7 genes were obtained through one-step reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction from human placental cells. The BMP-4/7 fusion gene was then generated through recombination. Rabbit BMSCs were transfected with the recombinant AAV vectors carrying AAV-BMP-4/7 with multiplicity of infection values.