Chloroplast

Identification of RNA editing sites in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) chloroplasts and editing events that affect secondary and three-dimensional protein structures

Y. Jiang, Fan, S. L., Song, M. Z., Yu, J. N., and Yu, S. X., Identification of RNA editing sites in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) chloroplasts and editing events that affect secondary and three-dimensional protein structures, vol. 11, pp. 987-1001, 2012.

RNA editing can alter individual nucleotides in primary transcripts, which can cause the amino acids encoded by edited RNA to deviate from the ones predicted from the DNA template. We investigated RNA editing sites of protein-coding genes from the chloroplast genome of cotton. Fifty-four editing sites were identified in 27 transcripts, which is the highest editing frequency found until now in angiosperms. All these editing sites were C-to-U conversion, biased toward ndh genes and U_A context.

Survey of simple sequence repeats in woodland strawberry (Fragaria vesca)

L. Guan, Huang, J. F., Feng, G. Q., Wang, X. W., Wang, Y., Chen, B. Y., and Qiao, Y. S., Survey of simple sequence repeats in woodland strawberry (Fragaria vesca), vol. 12, pp. 2637-2651, 2013.

The use of simple sequence repeats (SSRs), or microsatellites, as genetic markers has become popular due to their abundance and variation in length among individuals. In this study, we investigated linkage groups (LGs) in the woodland strawberry (Fragaria vesca) and demonstrated variation in the abundances, densities, and relative densities of mononucleotide, dinucleotide, and trinucleotide repeats. Mononucleotide, dinucleotide, and trinucleotide repeats were more common than longer repeats in all LGs examined.

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