Osteogenesis imperfecta is normally caused by an autosomal dominant mutation in the type I collagen genes COL1A1 and COL1A2. The severity of osteogenesis imperfecta varies, ranging from perinatal lethality to a very mild phenotype. Although there have been many reports of COL1A1 and COL1A2 mutations, few cases have been reported in Chinese people. We report on five unrelated families and three sporadic cases. The mutations were detected by PCR and direct sequencing. Four mutations in COL1A1 and one in COL1A2 were found, among which three mutations were previously unreported.