We examined the influence of the cytochrome P450 3A5 (CYP3A5) genes in both donors and recipients on the concentration-dosage ratio (C/D) of tacrolimus in Chinese liver transplant patients. Fifty-one adult liver transplant patients who received tacrolimus were included in this study. The CYP3A5 polymorphism in donors and recipients was determined at the time of transplantation, and tacrolimus-based immunosuppressive therapy was started based on each patient’s genetic constitution.
Cytochrome P450 3A5
We evaluated the clinical efficacy of tailoring tacrolimus dosage to cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A5 genotype in liver transplant patients. One hundred patients who received tacrolimus-based therapy were included in the retrospective study in which the relationship between the tacrolimus blood trough concentration/dosage ratio and the CYP3A5 genotype of both donors and recipients was determined. Subsequently, 106 patients were continuously enrolled in a prospective study and followed-up for 6 months; the relationship between tacrolimus dosage and CYP3A5 genotype was also determined.