The objectives of the present study were to detect an 18-bp deletion mutation in the bovine adenosine monophosphate deaminase 1 (AMPD1) gene and analyze its effect on growth traits in 2 Chinese cattle breeds using DNA sequencing and agarose electrophoresis. The five 19-bp polymerase chain reaction products of the AMPD1 gene exhibited 3 genotypes and 2 alleles: WW: homozygote genotype (wild-type); DD: homozygote genotype (mutant-type); WD: heterozygote genotype. Frequencies of the W allele varied from 66.15-70.35%.
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is one of the most common autosomal recessive diseases. Survival motor neuron1 (SMN1) is the SMA disease-determining gene. We examined the molecular basis of SMA in 113 Chinese SMA patients. Homozygous exon 7 and 8 deletions in SMN1 were detected by PCR-RFLP. Heterozygous deletion of SMN1 was analyzed based on variation of the sequencing peak height of the two different base pairs of exons 7 and 8 between SMN1 and SMN2.
We studied a family with two cousins who were diagnosed with complete androgen insensitivity syndrome, an X-linked disorder caused by mutations in the androgen receptor gene. A pedigree analysis and a molecular study using PCR and DNA sequencing clarified each female family member’s androgen receptor status and revealed a mutation consisting of the deletion of exon 2 and surrounding introns of the androgen receptor gene. Based on the relative nucleotide positions, we concluded that the deletion mutation in exon 2 and its surrounding introns was approximately 6000 to 7000 bp.