Disc degeneration is strongly associated with back or neck pain, sciatica, and disc herniation or prolapse. It places an enormous economic burden on society and can greatly affect quality of life. Alternative treatment approaches, such as genetic therapies, are urgently needed to slow or reverse the disc degeneration process. We downloaded gene expression data from Gene Expression Omnibus during various stages of disc degeneration and identified differentially expressed genes (DEGs) as well as dysfunctional pathways through comparisons with controls.
We investigated a possible association between aggrecan gene polymorphism and lumbar degenerative disc disease in Turkish patients. One hundred 20-30-year-old patients with or without low back pain were selected for the study. Lumbar magnetic resonance imaging was performed on all patients. The patient group had low back pain clinically and degenerative disc disease radiographically. The control group included patients with and without low back pain: all were negative radiographically for degenerative disc disease. Genomic DNA was extracted from all participants.