Dyschromatosis symmetrica hereditaria (DSH) is an autosomal dominant pigmentary genodermatosis, characterized by a mixture of hyperpigmented and hypopigmented macules that are mainly present on the dorsal portions of the extremities. The DSH locus was mapped to chromosome 1q11-q12 and, subsequently, pathogenic mutations in the double-stranded RNA-specific adenosine deaminase (ADAR1) gene were identified. We performed a mutational analysis of the ADAR1 gene in a Chinese family that included three individuals affected with typical DSH phenotypes.
Dyschromatosis symmetrica hereditaria
We investigated 2 Chinese families with dyschromatosis symmetrica hereditaria (DSH) and search for mutations in the adenosine deaminase acting on RNA1 (ADAR1) gene in these 2 pedigrees. We performed a mutation analysis of the ADAR1 gene in 2 Chinese families with DSH and reviewed all articles published regarding ADAR1 mutations reported since 2003 by using PubMed.