Congenital cataract is caused by reduced transparency of the lens resulting from metabolic disorders during the fetal period. The disease shows great heterogeneity both clinically and genetically. We identified a 4-generation ethnic Han Chinese family affected by autosomal dominant congenital perinuclear cataract. The patients underwent full clinical and ophthalmologic examinations to rule out any concomitant disorders. Blood samples were collected and genomic DNA was extracted. Potential mutations in the candidate gene alpha A crystallin (CRYAA) were screened.
We investigated the feasibility of interleukin-2 receptor gamma (IL2Rγ) gene based on gene mutation analysis and prenatal diagnosis of X-linked severe combined immunodeficiency (X-SCID). Blood samples of patients and their parents of X-SCID (family 1) and X-SCID (family 2) were collected. IL2Rγ gene sequences of the 2 families were analyzed using bi-directional direct sequencing by polymerase chain reaction. DNA sequence changes in the IL2Rγ gene exon region and shear zone were also analyzed. We also sequenced the IL2Rγ gene in 100 healthy individuals.
We investigated the molecular genetic mechanism of sex reversal by exploring the relationship between mutations in the sex-determining genes SRY, SOX9, and DAX1 with genetic sex reversal disease. Mutations in the three key genes were detected by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and sequencing after karyotype analysis. The mutations detected were then aligned with a random sample of 100 normal sequences and the NCBI sequence database in order to confirm any new mutations.
We investigated mutations and polymorphisms of the coronary artery disease (CAD)-related myocyte enhancer factor 2A (MEF2A) gene in a Chinese population. Polymerase chain reaction-single-strand conformation polymorphism and DNA sequencing were used to detect exon 11 of the MEF2A gene in 210 Hubei patients with CAD and 190 healthy controls.
Pseudoachondroplasia is an autosomal dominant osteochondrodysplasia characterized by disproportionate short stature, joint laxity, and early onset osteoarthrosis. Pseudoachondroplasia is caused by mutations in the gene encoding cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP). We looked for mutations in the COMP gene in three sporadic Chinese pseudoachondroplasia patients and identified two novel mutations, c.1189G>T (p.D397Y) and c.1220G>A (p.C407Y), and one recurrent mutation, c.1318G>C (p.G440R), in the calcium binding type III repeats of COMP.