Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection can cause HBV-related cirrhosis, liver failure, and hepatocellular carcinoma. At present, a hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) blood test is the primary clinical and diagnostic marker for the identification of a chronic HBV infection. In the current study, we isolated a novel HBV mutant from a chronic HBV patient, capable of causing a false negative test result for most (7 of 8) commercial HBsAg ELISA kits.
Hepatitis B virus
We conducted a case-control study to investigate the role of three common single nucleotide polymorphisms of IL-10 (-592G/A, -819T/C, and -1082A/C) in the development of hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The study included 173 HBV-related HCC patients and 182 healthy controls. A polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism assay was applied to assess the sequence variants of interest.