The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)/VEGF receptor (VEGFR)/K-ras signaling pathways on miRNA21 levels in hepatocellular carcinoma tissues in rats. Eighteen male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into normal control, model, and VEGF blocking agent groups (N = 6/group).
Numerous studies have evaluated the association between CYP1A1 gene polymorphisms and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) risk. However, the specific association is still controversial. The aim of our study was to clarify the effects of CYP1A1 gene polymorphisms (3801 T＞C and A2455G) on HCC risk by conducting a meta-analysis. We conducted searches of the literature published in PubMed and EMBASE databases up to April 2014. We estimated the pooled odds ratio with its 95% confidence interval to assess the association using a fixed or random-effects model.
Invasion, metastasis, and recurrence are the most common causes of death in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and are therefore critical factors for both therapy and prognosis. Current methods for diagnosis of HCC rely mainly on serological markers such as alpha-fetoprotein and liver enzymes, together with physical assessment and imaging techniques. The availability of more accurate serum markers may facilitate screening and early diagnosis, which will improve prognosis.
We conducted a hospital-based case-control study to investigate the effect of the miR-146aG>C and miR-499A>G polymorphisms on the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in a Chinese population. This study was 1:1 matched case-control study consisting of 184 HCC patients and 184 control subjects. miR-146aG>C and miR-499A>G polymorphisms were genotyped by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism.
We investigated the effects of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) gene silencing on Survivin expression in HepG2 cells. Small interfering RNA technology was used to downregulate AFP expression in HepG2 cells. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to measure AFP concentration in the supernatant before and after transfection. An MTT assay was used to detect cell proliferation activity before and after transfection.
Transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-β1), a member of the transforming growth factor beta family, functions as a multi-functional cytokine and plays a key role in cellular growth, proliferation, and differentiation. The 509 C/T polymorphism in the TGF-β1 gene has been implicated in the outcome of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection; however, little is known regarding the relationship between TGF-β1 gene mutations and the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in HCV-infected patients.
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is the infectious agent of both acute and chronic hepatitis. HBV exists in multiple genotypic variants that differ in their capacity to become persistent chronic infections and in their clinical manifestations, including hepatocellular carcinoma. The 8 genotypes (A-H) of HBV show a specific worldwide geographic distribution and are correlated with different disease course, severity, and response to therapy.
Cyclin D1 (CCND1) is a key protein involved in cell-cycle regulation, and the CCND1 G870A polymorphism is associated with many types of malignancy. Studies examining the associations between this G870A polymorphism and susceptibility to leukemia and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) have shown inconsistent results. Therefore, we conducted a meta-analysis to clarify these associations. A search of the PubMed database yielded 7 relevant articles: 3 pertaining to leukemia and 4 to HCC. The odds ratios (ORs) from individual studies were pooled using a fixed or random-effect model.
Epigenetic silencing of the GSTP1 gene by promoter methylation has been associated with increased risk and shortened survival in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We therefore conducted a meta-analysis to obtain a more precise estimate of this association. By searching the Cochrane Library, CBM, EMBASE, PubMed, and the Web of Science, we tabulated and analyzed parameters from each study. Results were summarized by meta-analyses using the version 12.0 STATA software. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CIs) were also calculated in this analysis.
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most life-threatening malignancies worldwide. Defects in DNA repair genes may increase the risk of HCC. X-ray cross-complementing group 1 gene (XRCC1) is a major DNA repair gene involved in base excision repair. Recently, several studies have indicated that an association exists between XRCC1 polymorphism and HCC, particularly the Arg280His polymorphism. However, the data is inconsistent and incomplete.