The present study was conducted to analyze the correlation between ultrasonic characteristics, pathological type, and molecular markers of thyroid-tumor-related genes as well as to evaluate the diagnosis and prognosis of thyroid nodules. The acoustic characteristics of 130 thyroid specimens were detected. Pathological sectioning and immunohistochemical detection were performed to determine the correlation between tumor gene expression and ultrasonic characteristics. Ultrasonic testing revealed that malignant nodules were normally accompanied by lymph nodes.
17-α-methyltestosterone (MT) is a synthetic hormone used in fish hatcheries to induce male monosex. Snails hold promise as possible test models to assess chemicals acting on the endocrine system. Biomphalaria glabrata is an aquatic gastropod mollusk (Pulmonata, Planorbidae) that can be easily maintained in aquaria, predisposing the species for use in ecotoxicological testing. This study evaluated the reproductive effects of MT on B. glabrata by examining histological changes and its reproductive performance.
Bovine papillomavirus (BPV) is an oncogenic virus associated with benign and malignant lesions, which result in notable economic losses. Peripheral blood samples and cutaneous papillomas were obtained from four adult beef cattle. Viral molecular identification was performed using specific primers for BPV-1, -2 and -4 in blood diagnosis and FAP59/FAP64 for skin papillomas. Histopathologic examination was done as a complementary and differential diagnosis. The fragments were purified, sequenced, and compared using BLASTn.
The synthetic hormone, 17-α-methyltestosterone (MT), is used in fish hatcheries to induce male monosex. Androgenic effects on various fish species have been reported; however, few studies have assessed possible genotoxic effects, although there are concerns about such effects in target and non-target species. We evaluated genotoxic and gonadal effects of MT in adult tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) and Astyanax bimaculatus (a common native non-target fish in Brazil). Fish were fed for 28 days with ration containing MT (60 mg/L), a normal dose used in fish farming.