Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa are opportunistic pathogens that cause nosocomial and food-borne infections. They promote intestinal diseases. Gastrointestinal colonization by S. aureus and P. aeruginosa has rarely been researched. These organisms spread to extra gastrointestinal niches, resulting in increasingly progressive infections. Lactic acid bacteria are Gram-positive bacteria that produce lactic acid as the major end-product of carbohydrate fermentation.
Intestinal epithelial cells
We investigated the effect of inactivated Bifidobacterium on the mRNA expression of TRAF6, GSK-3β, and microRNA-146a in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated rat small intestinal epithelial cells (IEC-6s). IEC-6s were randomly divided into an LPS group, a culture supernatant group, and an inactivated bacteria group.