Myrmeleon unifomis Malpighian tubules cells were analyzed under two aspects: chromatin structure and total protein quantification in the three larval phases (L1, L2 and L3) and in adults. This insect Malpighian tubules present polyploid tissue resultant from endoreduplication, which probably begins in the first larval phases.
The land arthropod secretory system is formed by structures called Malpighian tubules. These tubules are extremely important in insects because they maintain osmoregulation. They are located in the body cavity and are either free or inserted in the rectum wall, forming an arrangement known as the cryptonephridial system. The Malpighian tubules may have morphologically different regions, with each one formed by a specific cell type.