Recent studies have indicated that single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within the 8q24 region may be a risk factor for prostate cancer (PCa). Here, we performed a meta-analysis to evaluate the association between the 8q24 rs6983267 T/G polymorphism and PCa risk. A systematic literature search was carried out in multiple electronic databases independently by two investigators. Pooled odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals for 8q24 rs6983267 T/G and PCa were calculated using a fixed-effect model (the Mantel-Haenszel method).
This study aimed to investigate the effect of sevoflurane on serum levels of interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-8 in patients who underwent cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). The strength of the association between sevoflurane treatment and serum level of IL-6 and IL-8 was determined in patients who underwent CPB by summary standard mean differences (SMDs); 95% confidence interval (CI) was used.
The aim of this meta-analysis was to systematically evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of microRNAs (miRNAs) in distinguishing malignant thyroid lesions from benign ones and to determine the potential of miRNAs as diagnostic biomarkers for thyroid cancer. The random-effect model was used to summarize the pooled estimates of diagnostic accuracy, including sensitivity, specificity, positive likelihood ratio (PLR), negative likelihood ratio (NLR), and diagnostic odds ratio (DOR).
We used a meta-analysis approach to investigate the association between proton pump inhibitor (PPI) use and risk of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) in cirrhotic patients. We searched Ovid Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane Library to identify eligible studies. We included studies that compared cirrhotic patients who did or did not use PPIs. The primary outcome was SBP, and the secondary outcome was overall bacterial infection. Results were pooled using random-effect models. This process led to identification of 12 journal articles and 5 conference abstracts.
Genome-wide studies have reported an association between the HNF1B rs4430796 (A>G) polymorphism and prostate cancer risk, but results have been inconsistent and recent meta-analyses have been inadequate. This study aimed to integrate previous results and explore the validity of this association. Electronic searches for all relevant publications through May 18, 2014, were conducted across several databases. Additional studies were identified manually, and only the most recent or complete were used in this meta-analysis.
The present study aimed to investigate the effects of the rs3795879 polymorphism of the SERPINE2 gene on the development of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) based on a systematic meta-analysis. An extensive literature search was performed to retrieve previously published case-control studies on the polymorphisms of SERPINE2 in COPD patients. Odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to assess the association between SERPINE2 polymorphisms and risk of developing COPD.
The aim of this study was to determine whether tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) polymorphisms are associated with susceptibility to pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) in different ethnic populations. MEDLINE and Embase databases and manual searches were employed to identify articles in which TNF-α polymorphisms were determined in patients with PTB and controls. A meta-analysis was conducted on the associations of the TNF-α -308A/G, -238A/G, and -857T/C polymorphisms with PTB susceptibility.
Gastric cancer (GC) is a prevalent disease with a high mortality rate, especially in developing countries. Accumulating evidence suggests that single nucleotide polymorphisms in microRNA (miRNA) genes might influence the susceptibility to GC; such sequence variation might contribute to the development of disease by altering crucial cellular pathways. In this study, we assessed the correlation between the miR-146a G>C, miR-196a-2 C>T, miR-499 T>C, miRNA-27a A>G, and miRNA-149 T>C polymorphisms and the susceptibility to GC.
This study aimed to analyze the association between the 405G/C and -2578C/A polymorphisms of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) gene and breast cancer risk by meta-analysis. A systematic computerized search of PubMed, Google Scholar, and Web of Science databases was performed to identify relevant publications. After rigorous searching and screening, 9 eligible case-control studies were included in this meta-analysis.
Although many epidemiologic studies have investigated the p53 codon 72 polymorphism and its association with esophageal cancer (EC) in China, definite conclusions could not be drawn. To clarify the effects of p53 codon 72 polymorphism on the risk of EC, we performed a meta-analysis on the Chinese population. A total of 13 studies including 3308 patients and 5115 controls were involved in this meta-analysis.