Mule

Quick method for identifying horse (Equus caballus) and donkey (Equus asinus) hybrids

M. M. Franco, Santos, J. B. F., Mendonça, A. S., Silva, T. C. F., Antunes, R. C., Melo, E. O., Franco, M. M., Santos, J. B. F., Mendonça, A. S., Silva, T. C. F., Antunes, R. C., and Melo, E. O., Quick method for identifying horse (Equus caballus) and donkey (Equus asinus) hybrids, vol. 15. p. -, 2016.

The domestication of the Equus genus 5000-6000 years ago has influenced the history of human civilization. As soon as horse and donkey species had been domesticated, they were crossbred, producing humanity’s first documented attempt at animal genome manipulation. Since then, the mule (male donkey x female horse) and the reciprocal cross (the hinny, male horse x female donkey) have been the most common equine hybrids in the world. Due to their hybrid vigor, mules and hinnies have been intensively used for carrying loads and people and for tilling the land.

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