Acute pancreatitis (AP) has a fast onset and progression, which lead to an unfavorable prognosis. Therefore, the development of novel drugs for its treatment is critical. As a homologous derivative of resveratrol, pterostilbene exerts a variety of effects including anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and antitumor effects. This study investigated the potential of pterostilbene for treatment of severe AP (SAP) and related mechanisms. Effects of pterostilbene were evaluated in a Wistar rat model of AP.
Nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB), a transcription factor that is activated by various stimuli, is associated with the pathogenesis of several cancers. One functional polymorphism, -94 insertion/deletion ATTG (rs28362491), in the human NFKB1 gene (one member of the NF-κB gene family) is associated with increased risk of various cancers. However, only one study has reported that rs28362491 is significantly associated with ovarian cancer.